Spatial variability in emissions reduction strategies for sulphur and nitrogen in the UK
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
The roles of sulphur (S) and nitrogen (N) in causing critical loads exceedance across the UK show considerable spatial variability at the present time. Over much of lowland Britain it appears that the environment can only be protected by reducing N deposition, whilst in upland areas (e.g. most of Scotland and Wales) reductions in S deposition are the primary requirement. Using the Hull Acid Rain Model (HARM) the effects of current and possible future emissions control legislation on critical loads exceedance can be explored. Based on HARM output, the implementation of the UNECE Sulphur Protocol (1994) will bring about a substantial reduction in the amount of S being deposited in the UK, especially in central and southern parts of the country. Some areas will remain where additional reductions in S are required. Over most of the country, however, the need to reduce N deposition will become paramount. The changing contributions and significance of non-UK sources can be estimated.
- Bull, K.B., Brown, M.J., Dyke, H., Eversham, B.C., Fuller, R.M., Horaung, M., Howard, D.C., Rodwell, J. & Roy, D.B.: 1995, Critical loads for nitrogen deposition for Great Britain,Water, Air and Soil Pollution, in press.
- CLAG: 1994, Critical loads of acidity in the United Kingdom. Report by the Department of the Environment's Critical Loads Advisory Group (Edited by Pitcaim, C.E.R.)
- Posch, M., Hettelingh, J-P., Svedrup, H.U., Bull, K.R. and de Vries, W.: 1993, Guidelines for the computation and mapping of critical loads exceedances of S and N in Europe. In: Calculation and mapping of critical loads in Europe (edited by Downing, R.J., Hettelingh, J-P. and de Smet, P.A.M.), RIVM report 259101003. RIVM: Bilthoven. 1
- Metcalfe, S.E., Whyatt, J.D. and Derwent, R.G.: in press,Q.J.R. Meteorol. Soc,121
- Metcalfe, S.E., Atkins, D.H. and Derwent, R.G.: 1989,Atmos. Environ.,23, 2033–2052.
- UKRGIAN: 1994, Impacts of Nitrogen deposition in Terrestrial Ecosystems. Report of the United Kingdom Review Group on Impacts of Atmospheric N (Edited by Pitcaim, C.E.R.).
- UNECE: 1994, Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution. United Nations: Geneva.
- Spatial variability in emissions reduction strategies for sulphur and nitrogen in the UK
Water, Air, and Soil Pollution
Volume 85, Issue 4 , pp 2619-2624
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers
- Additional Links
- critical loads function
- emissions reductions
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Geography, University of Edinburgh, EH8 9XR, UK
- 2. School of Geography and Earth Resources, University of Hull, HU6 7RX, Hull, UK
- 3. Meteorological Office, London Road, RG12 2SZ, Bracknell, UK
- 4. I.T.E. Monks Wood, PE17 2LS, Abbots Ripton, Huntingdon, UK