N-acetylated alpha-linked acidic dipeptidase is expressed by non-myelinating Schwann cells in the peripheral nervous system
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- Berger, U.V., Carter, R.E., McKee, M. et al. J Neurocytol (1995) 24: 99. doi:10.1007/BF01181553
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n-acetylated alpha-linked acidic dipeptidase is a membrane-bound brain peptidase which cleaves the neuropeptiden-acetyl-aspartyl-glutamate ton-acetyl-aspartate and glutamate. In the present study, we have determined the localization ofn-acetylated alpha-linked acidic dipeptidase in the peripheral nervous system. Using enzyme assays and immunoblotting, we demonstrate that sciatic nerve, phrenic nerve, cervical dorsal root ganglion and superior cervical ganglion containn-acetylated alpha-linked acidic dipeptidase activity as well as ann-acetylated alpha-linked acidic dipeptidase-like protein. Furthermore, we show thatn-acetylated. alpha-linked acidic dipeptidase-like immunoreactivity is extensively co-localized in peripheral nerves with immunoreactivity for glial fibrillary acidic protein, a known marker for non-myelinating Schwann cells. Using electron microscopy, we demonstraten-acetylated alpha-linked acidic dipeptidase-like immunoreactivity in cell membranes of non-myelinating Schwann cells in the superior cervical ganglion. These results show thatn-acetylated alpha-linked acidic dipeptidase is expressed in the peripheral nervous system by non-myelinating Schwann cells. This cellular localization suggests thatn-acetylated alpha-linked acidic dipeptidase may be involved in the signalling between axons and Schwann cells, for example during development or regeneration.