Cognitive technology and the pragmatics of impossible plans — A study in cognitive prosthetics
- Roger Lindsay
- … show all 1 hide
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
Do AI programs just make it quicker and easier for humans to do what they can do already, or can the range of do-able things be extended? This paper suggests that cognitively-oriented technology can make it possible for humans to construct and carry out mental operations, which were previously impossible. Probable constraints upon possible human mental operations are identified and the impact of cognitive technology upon them is evaluated. It is argued that information technology functions as a cognitive prosthetic enhancing human intelligence and planning capabilities. Boundaries and constraints which Kant, Whorf, and many post-modernist theorists have seen as intrinsic to human cognition now cease to apply.
- Aijun, A., Nick, C., Christine, C., Ning, S., and Xiangji, H. (1995). ELEM: A method for inducing rules from examples.Proceedings of Expert Systems '95, The Fifteenth Annual Technical Conference of the British Computer Society Specialist Group on Expert Systems, Cambridge 1995.
- Clark, H. H. and Clark, E. V. (1977)Psychology and language: An introduction to psycholinguistics. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.
- Collins, E. M. and Loftus, E. F. (1975). A spreading activation theory of memory.Psychological Review. 82, 407–428.
- Daneman, M. and Carpenter, P. A. (1980). Individual differences in working memory and reading.Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 19, 450–466.
- Daneman, M. and Carpenter, P. A. (1987). Working memory and reading skill re-examined. In M. Coltheart (ed.)Attention and Performance XII. 491–508. Hove, UK: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
- Edelman, G. (1992).Bright Air, Brilliant Fire: On the Matter of the Mind. Harmondsworth: Basic Books.
- Ericsson, K. A. and Staszewski, J. (1990). Skilled memory and expertise: Mechanisms of exceptional performance. In D. Klahr and K. Kotovsky (eds.)Complex information processing: The impact of Herbert A. Simon, 235–267. Hillsdale NJ: Erlbaum Associates.
- Flynn, J. R. (1987). Massive IQ gains in 14 nations: What IQ tests really measure.Psychological Bulletin. 101, 171–191.
- Gorayska, B. and Lindsay, R. (1993). The Roots of Relevance.Journal of Pragmatics. 19, 301–323
- Gorayska, B. and Mey, J. L. (eds.) (1996a).Cognitive Technology: In Search of a Humane Interface. Advances in Psychology 113. Amsterdam: North Holland.
- Gorayska, B. and Mey, J. L. (1996b). Cognitive Technology. In. K. Gill (ed.)Information Society: New Media, Ethics, and Postmodernism. 287–294. Berlin: Springer Verlag.
- Harley, T. A. (1995).The Psychology of Language. Erlbaum (UK) Taylor and Francis.
- Hatano, G. and Osawa, K. (1983). Digit memory of grand experts in abacus-derived mental calculation.Cognition. 15, 95–110.
- Hunter, I. M. L. (1966). Mental Calculation. In P. C. Wason and P. Johnson-Laird (eds)Thinking and Reasoning. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books.
- Johnson, G., Nealon, J. L., and Lindsay, R. O. (1996). Using relevance information in the acquisition of rules from a neural network.Rule Extraction from Neural Nets Workshop. AISB 1996.
- Kant, I. (1781).Critique of Pure Reason. Tr. N. Kemp Smith (1964). London: Macmillan.
- Kuhn, T. S. (1970).The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Chicago: Chicago University Press.
- Locke, J. (1690).An Essay Concerning Human Understanding. A. D. Woozley (ed.) (1964) London: Fontana.
- Low, A., Bradley, C., Parveselli, C., and Lindsay, R. O. (1996). Spreading activation processes in anagram solving. In preparation.
- Lynn, R. (1987). Japan: land of the rising IQ — A reply to Flynn.Bulletin of the British Psychology Society. 40, 464–8.
- Meyer, D. E. and Schvaneveldt, R. W. (1971). Facilitation in recognising pairs of words: Evidence of a dependence between retrieval operations.Journal of Experimental Psychology. 90, 227–234.
- Miller, G. A. (1956). The magical number seven, plus or minus two: Some limits on our capacity for processing information.Psychological Review. 63, 81–97.
- Miller, G. A. and McNeill, D. (1969). Psycholinguistics. In G. Lindsay and E. Aronson (eds)The Handbook of Social Psychology, Volume 3. Reading MA: Addison-Wesley.
- Morain, D. (1988). In figuring she plays it by the numbers.Los Angeles Times. March 1st, Part 1, 3.
- Newell, A. (1990).Unified Theories of Cognition. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
- Norman, D. A. and Shallice, T. (1986). Attention to Action: Willed and automatic control of behavior. In R. J. Davidson, G. E. Schwarts, and D. Shapiro (eds.)Consciousness and self-regulation. Advances in research and theory. 4, 1–18. New York: Plenum Press.
- Pinker, S. (1994).The language instinct. Harmondsworth: Allen Lane.
- Pullum, G. K. (1989). The great Eskimo vocabulary hoax.Natural Language and Linguistic Theory. 7, 275–81.
- Reason, J. T. and Mycielska, K. (1982).Absent Minded? The Psychology of Mental Lapses and Everyday Errors. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
- Reid, T. R. (1989). The man with the endless memory.Washington Post. June 18th, F1, F6.
- Searle, J. (1995). The Mystery of Consciousness.New York Review of Books. Part I: November 2nd 1995. Part II: November 16th 1995.
- Strawson, P. F. (1967).The Bounds of Sense. London: Methuen.
- Thompson, C. P., Cowan, T., Frieman, J., Mahadevan, R. S., and Vogel, R. J. (1991). Rajan: A report on an exceptional memory.Memory and Language. 30, 702–724.
- Whorf, B. L. (1956). (Ed. J. B. Carroll)Language, Thought, and Reality: Selected Writings of Benjamin Lee Whorf. Cambridge Mass.: MIT Press.
- Cognitive technology and the pragmatics of impossible plans — A study in cognitive prosthetics
AI & SOCIETY
Volume 10, Issue 3-4 , pp 273-288
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Additional Links
- Cognitive ability
- Cognitive prosthetics
- Planning processes
- Industry Sectors
- Roger Lindsay (1)
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Psychology Unit, Oxford Brookes University, Gipsy Lane, OX3 0BP, Oxford, UK