Assessing the cognitive-interpersonal cycle
- Cite this article as:
- Safran, J.D. Cogn Ther Res (1984) 8: 333. doi:10.1007/BF01173309
This article argues that Harry Stack Sullivan's conceptions of interpersonal psychotherapy have a number of important implications for both the theory and practice of cognitive behavior therapy. Sullivan's formulations, while compatible with cognitive behavioral theory in many respects, add both motivational and interpersonal contexts that are missing from cognitive behavior therapy. With regard to the first theme, it is argued that Sullivan's theory on the role of anxiety in the development and maintenance of dysfunctional cognitive structures has important implications for both cognitive assessment and modification. With regard to the second theme, it is argued that the therapist's role as a participant-observer in the therapeutic relationship provides him with a valuable opportunity for identifying maladaptive interpersonal patterns and assessing dysfunctional cognitive activities that are linked to these patterns.