Article

Cognitive Therapy and Research

, Volume 17, Issue 1, pp 71-82

The role of automatic thoughts and dysfunctional attitudes in the development and maintenance of experimentally induced dysphoric mood

  • Tore C. StilesAffiliated withDepartment of Psychiatry and Behavioural Medicine, University of Trondheim
  • , Per SchröderAffiliated withDepartment of Psychiatry and Behavioural Medicine, University of Trondheim
  • , Terje JohansenAffiliated withDepartment of Psychiatry and Behavioural Medicine, University of Trondheim

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Abstract

Sixty-three nondepressed college students were first randomly exposed to either a depression or neutral induction procedure and then randomly to an elation or neutral distraction procedure. It was found that both higher levels of ATQ-30 Factor II thoughts and dysfunctional attitudes predicted postinduction DACL scores, but this effect was not specific for the depression induction condition. Furthermore, it was found that neutral distracting statements were as effective as elation statements in alleviating dysphoric mood, but not for those exhibiting higher levels of ATQ-30 Factor II thoughts.

Key words

automatic thoughts dysfunctional attitudes mood induction distraction