Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology

, Volume 85, Issue 4, pp 366–375

Lead and strontium isotopic evidence for crustal interaction and compositional zonation in the source regions of Pleistocene basaltic and rhyolitic magmas of the Coso volcanic field, California

  • Charles R. Bacon
  • Hajime Kurasawa
  • Maryse H. Delevaux
  • Ronald W. Kistler
  • Bruce R. Doe
Article

DOI: 10.1007/BF01150293

Cite this article as:
Bacon, C.R., Kurasawa, H., Delevaux, M.H. et al. Contr. Mineral. and Petrol. (1984) 85: 366. doi:10.1007/BF01150293

Abstract

The isotopic compositions of Pb and Sr in Pleistocene basalt, high-silica rhyolite, and andesitic inclusions in rhyolite of the Coso volcanic field indicate that these rocks were derived from different levels of compositionally zoned magmatic systems. The 2 earliest rhyolites probably were tapped from short-lived silicic reservoirs, in contrast to the other 36 rhyolite domes and lava flows which the isotopic data suggest may have been leaked from the top of a single, long-lived magmatic system. Most Coso basalts show isotopic, geochemical, and mineralogic evidence of interaction with crustal rocks, but one analyzed flow has isotopic ratios that may represent mantle values (87Sr/86Sr=0.7036,206Pb/204Pb=19.05,207Pb/204Pb=15.62,208Pb/204Pb= 38.63). The (initial) isotopic composition of typical rhyolite (87Sr/86Sr=0.7053,206Pb/204Pb=19.29,207Pb/204Pb= 15.68,208Pb/204Pb=39.00) is representative of the middle or upper crust. Andesitic inclusions in the rhyolites are evidently samples of hybrid magmas from the silicic/mafic interface in vertically zoned magma reservoirs. Silicic end-member compositions inferred for these mixed magmas, however, are not those of erupted rhyolite but reflect the zonation within the silicic part of the magma reservoir. The compositional contrast at the interface between mafic and silicic parts of these systems apparently was greater for the earlier, smaller reservoirs.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Charles R. Bacon
    • 1
  • Hajime Kurasawa
    • 2
  • Maryse H. Delevaux
    • 3
  • Ronald W. Kistler
    • 1
  • Bruce R. Doe
    • 4
  1. 1.U.S. Geological SurveyMenlo ParkUSA
  2. 2.Geological Survey of JapanIbarakiJapan
  3. 3.U.S. Geological SurveyFederal CenterDenverUSA
  4. 4.U.S. Geological SurveyNational CenterRestonUSA