John W. Gardner,Self-Renewal: The Individual and the Innovative Society (New York, 1963), xv.
Dr. William Bevan, Chicago, Illinois, to author, June 11, 1987.
Dr. Carl J. Marienfeld to Julius B. Richmond, JBR Archives (National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD).
Interview with Julius B. Richmond, July 17, 1987, Boston, MA. Interview, JBR by Michael L. Gillette, October 5, 1981, JBR Archives (NLM, Bethesda, MA).
Interview with Richmond, July 18, 1987, Boston, MA.
Interview with JBR, April 12, 1987, Boston, MA.
Telephone interview with Dr. Herb Abrams, September 28, 1987; interview with Dr. Marc and Betty Hollender, April 15, 1988, Nashville, TN. While latter day reminiscences are often suspect, the Abrams and Hollender statements are consistent with evidence found in Richmond's Archives at NLM.
Interview with JBR, July 17, 1987. Although an internship or residency at Cook County might not be “coveted” today, it certainly was in the late 1930s and early 1940s. In order to secure a position there, students had to take very competitive examinations.
Julius B. Richmond's Presidential Address to the American Orthopsychiatric Association in 1974, “The State of the Child: Is the Glass Half-Empty or Half-Full?”, copy in author's possession.
Interview with Dr. Morris Green, November 4, 1987, Indianapolis, IN. I am indebted to Dr. Green for the several hours he spent with me. One of Richmond's students in the late 1940s—“Morris is almost as brilliant as Julie,” Bettye Caldwell said.—Green went on to a distinguished career and co-authored a pediatric text with his mentor.
Telephone interview with Dr. Patricia Spain-Ward, August 9, 1988. Copy of JBR's committee's proposal to reform the curriculum, in the author's possession.
Dr. Leon Eisenberg to Dr. Audrey K. Brown, June 30, 1988, copy in author's possession.
Interview with Polly Greenberg, June 22, 1988, Washington, D.C.; interview with Dr. Thomas Bryant, June 29, 1988, Washington, D.C.; interview with Dr. Bettye Caldwell, June 29, 1987, Little Rock, Arkansas.
Telephone interview with Dr. David Hamburg, July 12, 1988. This is another example of Richmond's ability to juggle multiple responsibilities.
Julius B. Richmond, “Health Services Through OEO,” paper delivered to the American Medical Association in Chicago, Illinois, 1966. Copy in JBR Archives. To stress his point, Richmond said: “Programs that deny the poor active roles in providing solutions to their own problems can only serve to reinforce their sense of isolation and... undermine the value of the program.”
Julius B. Richmond, “The Physician As a Social Activist,” paper delivered to a Conference of Peace Corps Physicians, September 1970, copy in author's possession.
Interview with Dr. Leon Eisenberg, July 17, 1987, Boston, MA; interview with Hamburg.
Interview with Joseph Califano, July 27, 1987, Washington, D.C.
Interview with Dr. William Foege, January 26, 1987, Atlanta, Georgia; interview with Jimmy and Rosalynn Carter, January 27, 1987, Atlanta, Georgia.
Julius B. Richmond, “A Healthy Start in Life,” BostonGlobe, July 1, 1985; interview with Hamburg; interview with JBR.
Eisenberg to Brown. For specifics, see the series of articles Richmond did (in collaboration) called “Autonomic Function in the Neonate,” I, II, III, IV, V, and VI forPsychosomatic Medicine in 1955, 1960, 1961, and 1964. It would be unrealistic for me to list Richmond's cutting-edge” articles, for his CV up to 1981 runs to 29 pages.
Interview with Hamburg; interview with Hollender.
Interview with Hamburg.
Interview with Eisenberg.
Interview with Eisenberg, Caldwell, Green, Foege, Califano, Abrams, Hollender.
Interview with Lisbeth Schorr, August 1, 1987, Washington, D.C.
Interview with Bryant.
Interview with JBR, July 18, 1987. Richmond also said the same thing in a handwritten acceptance note to the Board when he became Acting President of the Upstate Medical Center, Syracuse, New York, in the summer of 1968. Copy in Author's possession.
Interview with Caldwell.
Interview with Hamburg. Several others, including Dr. William Foege and Dr. Thomas Bryant stressed Richmond's willingness to take certain risks.
Interview with Hamburg. Richmond agreed. “I never liked to get myself so far out on a limb,” he said in an interview on July 18, 1987, “that it could be sawed off.”
Julius B. Richmond, “Investing in Children.” (Meyer A. Perlstein Memorial Lecture, 1978 United Cerebral Palsy Annual Conference), in JBR Archives.