, Volume 79, Issue 12, pp 551–559

Mechanisms of electromagnetic interaction with cellular systems

  • W. Grundler
  • F. Kaiser
  • F. Keilmann
  • J. Walleczek

DOI: 10.1007/BF01131411

Cite this article as:
Grundler, W., Kaiser, F., Keilmann, F. et al. Naturwissenschaften (1992) 79: 551. doi:10.1007/BF01131411


The question of how electromagnetic fields - static or low to high frequency - interact with biological systems is of great interest. The current discussion among biologists, chemists, and physicists emphasizes aspects of experimental verification and of defining microscopic and macroscopic mechanisms. Both aspects are reviewed here. We emphasize that in certain situationsnonthermal interactions of electromagnetic fields occur with cellular systems.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. Grundler
    • 1
  • F. Kaiser
    • 2
  • F. Keilmann
    • 3
  • J. Walleczek
    • 4
  1. 1.GSF-Forschungszentrum für Umwelt und GesundheitNeuherberg
  2. 2.Institut für Angewandte Physik, Technische HochschuleDarmstadt
  3. 3.Max-Planck-Institut für FestkörperforschungStuttgartFRG
  4. 4.Research Service, Jerry L. Pettis Memorial Veterans HospitalLoma LindaUSA

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