The calculation of electronically excited states with the internally contracted multiconfiguration-reference configuration interaction (CMRCI) method is discussed. A straightforward method, in which contracted functions for all states are included in the basis, is shown to be very accurate and stable even in cases of narrow avoided crossings. However, the expense strongly increases with the number of states. A new method is proposed, which employs different contracted basis sets for each state, and in which eigensolutions of the Hamiltonian are found using an approximate projection operator technique. The computational effort for this method scales only linearly with the number of states. The two methods are compared for various applications.
Quantum chemistryConfiguration interactionExcited states