Mycopathologia

, Volume 128, Issue 1, pp 19–23

Production of trichothecene mycotoxins byFusarium graminearum andFusarium culmorum on barley and wheat

  • C. J. Mirocha
  • Weiping Xie
  • Yichun Xu
  • R. D. Wilcoxson
  • R. P. Woodward
  • R. H. Etebarian
  • G. Behele
Human And Animal Mycology

DOI: 10.1007/BF01104274

Cite this article as:
Mirocha, C.J., Xie, W., Xu, Y. et al. Mycopathologia (1994) 128: 19. doi:10.1007/BF01104274

Abstract

Wheat cultivars (Stoa, MN87150, SuMai-3, YMI-6, Wheaton) and barley cultivars (Robust, Excel, Chevron, M69) were inoculated in the field with isolates ofFusarium graminearum andF. culmorum. The diseased (Fusarium head blight) kernels were analyzed for deoxynivalenol (DON), 15-acetyldeoxynivalenol (15-ADON) and nivalenol (NIV).F. culmorum produced all three trichothecenes on all cultivars tested whereasF. graminearum only produced DON and 15-ADON. There was no well defined correlation between DON production in the host and resistance although the data tended to favor SuMai-3 as having definitive resistance to bothF. graminearum andF. culmorum.

Key words

15-acetyldeoxynivalenolDeoxynivalenolFusarium culmorumFusarium graminearumFusarium head blightNivalenolScab

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. J. Mirocha
    • 1
  • Weiping Xie
    • 1
  • Yichun Xu
    • 1
  • R. D. Wilcoxson
    • 1
  • R. P. Woodward
    • 1
  • R. H. Etebarian
    • 1
  • G. Behele
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Plant PathologyUniversity of MinnesotaSt. PaulUSA