Single-pulse collision-insensitive picosecond planar laser-induced fluorescence of OHA2Σ+ (v′ = 2) in atmospheric-pressure flames
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- Bormann, F., Nielsen, T., Burrows, M. et al. Appl. Phys. B (1996) 62: 601. doi:10.1007/BF01081698
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Single-pulse two-dimensional picosecond Laser-Induced Fluorescence (LIF) imaging of the OH density in a single quantum state was performed for the first time, using a premixed methane-oxygen flame at atmospheric pressure. A picosecond, excimer-Raman-laser system (268 nm, 470 ps FWHM) was used for excitation of OH. The fluorescence from the laser sheet was imaged onto a fast gated intensified camera with a 400 ps gate width. The short laser pulse minimizes the collisional redistribution of population in the ground state during excitation, while the short camera gate avoids significant quenching of the excited-state fluorescence. The fluorescence signal obtained in this way is a direct measure of the population in a selected quantum state. In contrast to common nanosecond LIF signals no corrections on variations of the collisional environment are necessary. This collision-insensitive approach to two-dimensional LIF yields an OH detection limit of 10 ppm in a cube of 330 µm per side with a single 1 mJ laser pulse. A rate-equation model is used to estimate the effects on the observed signal of fluctuations in pulse energy and duration, laser-camera timing jitter, and spatial variations in the collisional environment.