Prevalence of psychopathology in acute and chronic low back pain patients
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
This study assessed the differential prevalence rates of psychopathology in chronic and acute low back pain patients. Psychopathology was assessed with the Structured Clinical Interview for the DSM-III-R (SCID). The results showed that chronic low back pain patients (n=90), had much higher rates of psychopathology than did patients in the acute back pain group (n=90), and much higher than general population base rates. In particular, chronic low back pain patients had high rates of major depression, substance abuse, and personality disorders. Moreover, the chronic low back patients also had high rates of premorbid psychopathology. It was concluded that psychopathology is a major concomitant of chronic low pack pain, and that treating the psychological problems, along with the physical aspects of the chronic low back pain may increase the patient's chance of a successful therapeutic outcome.
- Fishbain DA, Goldberg M, Meagher BR, Steele R, Rosomoff H. Male and female chronic pain patients categorized by DSM-III psychiatric diagnostic criteria.Pain 1986; 26: 181–197.
- Reich J, Tupin JP, Abramowitz SI. Psychiatric diagnosis of chronic pain patients.Am J Psychiat 1983; 140: 1495–1498.
- Polatin BP, Kinney RK, Gatchel RJ, Lillo E, Mayer TG. Psychiatric illness and chronic low back pain: The mind and the spine-which goes first.Spine 1993; 18: 66–71.
- American Psychiatric Association.Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (3rd Ed., revised). Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Association, 1987.
- Katon W, Egan K, Miller D. Chronic pain: Lifetime psychiatric diagnoses and family history.Am J Psychiat 1985; 142: 1156–1160.
- Large RG, DSM-III diagnoses in chronic pain: Confusion or clarityJ Nerv Ment Dis 1986; 174: 295–303.
- Coste J, Paolaggi JB, Spira A. Classification of nonspecific low back pain. I. Psychological involvement in low back pain.Spine 1991; 17: 1028–1037.
- Spitzer RL, Williams JBW, Gibbon M, First MB.Structured clinical interview for DSM-III-R. New York: New York State Psychiatric Institute, 1988.
- Skre I, Onstad S, Torgersen S, Kringlen E. Higher interrater reliability for the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-III-R Axis I (SCID-I).Acta Psychiat Scand 1991; 84: 167–173.
- Williams, JBW, Gibbon M, First MB, Spitzer RL, Davies M, Borus J, Howes MF, Kane J, Pope HG, Rounsaville B, Wittchen HU. The structured clinical interview for DSM-III-R (SCID) II: Multi-site test-retest reliability.Arch Gen Psychiat (in press).
- Robins, LN, Helzer JE, Weissman MM, Orvaschel DA, Gruenberg E, Burke JD, Regier DA. Lifetime prevalence of specific psychiatric disorders in three sites.Arch Gen Psychiat 1984; 41: 949–958.
- Regier DA, Boyd JH, Burke JD, Rae DS, Myers JK, Kramer M, Robins LN, George LK, Karno M, Locke BZ. One-month prevalence of mental disorders in the United States.Arch Gen Psychiat 1988; 45: 977–986.
- Zimmerman M, Coryell W. DSM-III personality disorder diagnoses in a nonpatient sample: Demographic correlates and comorbidity.Arch Gen Psychiat 1989; 46: 682–689.
- Gatchel RJ, Baum A, Krantz D.Introduction to health psychology (2nd Ed.), New York: Random House, 1988.
- Fleiss, JL,Statistical methods for rates and proportions. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1981.
- Gatchel RJ. Early development of physical and mental deconditioning in painful spinal disorders. In Mayer TG, Mooney V, Gatchel RJ, eds.Contemporary conservative care for painful spinal disorders. Philadelphia: Lea and Febiger, 1991.
- Lustman PJ, Velozo CA, Eubanks B, Montag JA, Cole DM. Prior psychiatric problems in rehabilitation clients with work-related injuries.J. Occup Rehab 1991; 1: 227–233.
- Prevalence of psychopathology in acute and chronic low back pain patients
Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Volume 3, Issue 2 , pp 95-103
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
- Additional Links
- chronic low back pain
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Psychiatry, University of Texas, Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, 5323 Harry Hines Blvd., 75235-9044, Dallas, Texas
- 2. Occupational Health Centers, 3010 LBJ Freeway, Suite 400, Dallas, Texas
- 3. Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of Texas, Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, 5323 Harry Hines Blvd., Dallas, Texas