Journal of Productivity Analysis

, Volume 6, Issue 3, pp 247-268

First online:

Estimators and hypothesis tests for a stochastic frontier function: A Monte Carlo analysis

  • Tim CoelliAffiliated withEconometrics Department, University of New England

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This paper uses Monte Carlo experimentation to investigate the finite sample properties of the maximum likelihood (ML) and corrected ordinary least squares (COLS) estimators of the half-normal stochastic frontier production function. Results indicate substantial bias in both ML and COLS when the percentage contribution of inefficiency in the composed error (denoted by γ*) is small, and also that ML should be used in preference to COLS because of large mean square error advantages when γ* is greater than 50%. The performance of a number of tests of the existence of technical inefficiency is also investigated. The Wald and likelihood ratio (LR) tests are shown to have incorrect size. A one-sided LR test and a test of the significance of the third moment of the OLS residuals are suggested as alternatives, and are shown to have correct size, with the one-sided LR test having the better power of the two.

Key words

Stochastic frontier Monte Carlo estimation tests