Area characteristics and regional variates as determinants of area property crime levels
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
This article seeks to examine the area characteristics that act as determinants of area property crime levels, namely, incidence and prevalence. The crime figures are extracted from the 1984 British Crime Survey. Area characteristics are taken from the 1981 UK census. Initial exploratory analysis considers the non-Gaussian nature of the crime data, the statistical implications of this, and the transformations used to overcome these problems. In addition, possible regional and inner-city/non-inner-city variations are considered. The later stages move from simple individual correlations to multiple regression models. Three regression models are considered and the reasons for refining these are explored, with the results indicating that both area characteristics and regional influences play a role as determinants of the area crime level. In particular, population density and the area population age profile have significant roles to play. The conclusions support the recent revival of the application of ecological concepts in the analysis of crime levels.
- Baldwin, J., Bottoms, A. E., and Walker, M. A. (1976).The Urban Criminal, Tavistock, London.
- Belsey, D. A., Kuh, E., and Welsch, R. E. (1980).Regression Diagnostics: Identifying Influential Data and Sources of Collinearity, Wiley, New York.
- Box, G. E. P., and Cox, D. R. (1964). An analysis of transformations.J. Roy. Stat. Soc. Ser: B 26: 211–243.
- Brantingham, P. J., and Brantingham, P. L. (1991).Environmental Criminology, Waveland, Ill.
- Doan, T. A. (1989).RATS User's Manual, VAR Econometrics, Evanston, Ill.
- Judge, G. G., Griffiths, W. E., Hill, R. C., and Lee, T-C. (1980).The Theory and Practice of Econometrics, Wiley, New York.
- Maddala, G. S. (1977).Econometrics, McGraw-Hill, New York.
- Marsh, C. (1988).Exploring Data, Polity/Blackwell, Cambridge.
- NOP Market Research Limited (1985).1984 British Crime Survey: Technical Report, NOP, Southampton.
- Park, R. E. (1936). Human ecology.Am. J. Sociol 42: 1–15.
- Sampson, R. J., and Groves, W. B. (1989). Community structure and crime: Testing socialdisorganization theory.Am. J. Sociol. 94: 774–802.
- Sampson, R. J., and Lauritsen, J. L. (1990). Deviant lifestyles, proximity to crime, and the offender-victim link in personal violence.J. Res. Crime Deling. 27: 110–139.
- Sampson, R. J., and Wooldredge, J. D. (1987). Linking the micro- and macro-level dimensions of lifestyle-routine activity and opportunity models of predatory victimization.J. Quant. Criminol. 3: 371–393.
- Scott, A., and Wild, C. (1991). Transformations and R2.Am. Stat. 45: 127–129.
- Shaw, C. R., and McKay, M. D. (1942).Juvenile Delinquency and Urban Areas, University Press, Chicago.
- Stewart, J. (1991).Econometrics, Philip Allan, New York.
- Trickett, A., Osborn, D. R., Seymour, J., and Pease, K. (1992). What is different about high crime areas.Br. J. Criminol. 32: 81–89.
- Area characteristics and regional variates as determinants of area property crime levels
Journal of Quantitative Criminology
Volume 8, Issue 3 , pp 265-285
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
- Additional Links
- modeling victimization
- property crime
- crime survey
- ecological analysis
- multiple regression