Conduction velocity and excitability of A and C fibers of cat mesenteric nerves
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- Lukoshkova, E.V. Neurophysiology (1975) 7: 211. doi:10.1007/BF01063306
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The conduction velocity and excitability of fibers running from the mesenteric into the splanchnic nerves were studied in experiments on cats. Among the A fibers of these nerves there were shown to be: 1) fibers with an excitation threshold of 0.06–0.10 V (stimulus duration 0.1 msec) and a maximal conduction velocity of 48–85 m/sec; 2) fibers with an excitation threshold of 0.3–0.7 V, impulses of which form up to five waves in the composition of the action potential, with maximal conduction velocities of between 8–10 and 33–39 m/sec; 3) fibers with an excitation threshold of over 1 V and a conduction velocity of between 1.8 and 7 m/sec. The excitation threshold of the group C fibers was 6–8 V. Impulses of these fibers form a low-amplitude wave in the composition of the action potential of the mesenteric and splanchnic nerves with a conduction velocity of 1.0–1.8 m/sec, several waves of higher amplitude with a conduction velocity of 0.5–1.2 m/sec, and several low-amplitude waves with a conduction velocity of 0.35–0.55 m/sec. The results of experiments with different combinations of arrangement of the stimulating and recording electrodes on the mesenteric and splanchnic nerves indicate that sympathetic postganglionic C fibers of the mesenteric nerves occur only in the second group, whereas afferent C fibers occur in all three of the groups distinguished.