Aggregation effects on male-to-female arrest rate ratios in New York State, 1972 to 1984
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
The purpose of this paper is to assess the effects of data aggregation on a specification of the relationship between sex and arrest rate trends. The analysis focuses on the empirical implications when arrest data are aggregated across dimensions that are likely to affect the sex-crime relationship. The data for the analysis consist of 4,119,358 male and female adult arrests in New York State for the 13-year period ending in 1984. Results indicate that race, regional differences, and the legal seriousness of the arrest charge produce significantly different patterns of sex convergence across time. On the basis of these results, we suggest serious limitations in past analyses of female crime rates and in the value of Uniform Crime Report (UCR) data for addressing theoretically relevant questions concerning the social correlates of official crime.
- Adler, F. (1975).Sisters in Crime, McGraw-Hill, New York.
- Blalock, H. M., Jr. (1960).Social Statistics, McGraw-Hill, New York.
- Chilton, R., and Datesman, S. K. (1985). Gender, race and crime: An analysis of urban arrest trends 1960–1980. Paper presented at the annual meetings of the American Sociological Association, New York.
- Cloward, R. A., and Ohlin, L. E. (1960).Delinquency and Opportunity: A Theory of Delinquent Groups, Free Press, New York.
- Elliott, D., and Ageton, S. S. (1980). Reconciling race and class differences in self-reported and official estimates of delinquency.Am. Sociol. Rev. 45: 95–110.
- Garofalo, J., and Hindelang, M. J. (1977).An Introduction to the National Crime Survey, Analytical Report SD-UAD-41, U.S. Dept. of Justice, Law Enforcement Assistance Administration, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.
- Harris, A. (1977). Sex and theories of deviance: Toward a functional theory of deviant type-scripts.Am. Sociol. Rev. 46: 461–474.
- Hindelang, M. J., Hirschi, T., and Weis, J. G. (1979). Correlates of delinquency: The illusion of discrepancy between self-reported and official measures.Am. Sociol. Rev. 44: 995–1014.
- Hindelang, M. J., Hirschi, T., and Weis, J. G. (1981).Measuring Delinquency, Sage, Beverly Hills, Calif.
- Laub, J., and McDermott, M. J. (1985). An analysis of serious crime by young black women.Criminology 23(1): 81–98.
- Leonard, E. (1982).Women, Crime and Society, Longman, New York.
- McDermott, M. J. (1985).Female Offenders in New York State, New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services.
- McDowell, D., McCleary, R., Meidinger, E. E., and Hay, R. A., Jr. (1980).Interrupted Time Series Analysis, Sage, Beverly Hills, Calif.
- Merton, R. K. J. (1938). Social structure and anomie.Am. Sociol. Rev. 3: 672–682.
- Sellin, T. (1938).Culture Conflict and Crime, Social Science Research Council, New York.
- Simon, R. (1975).Women and Crime, D. C. Heath, Lexington, Mass.
- Smith, D., and Visher, C. (1980). Sex and involvement in deviance-crime: A quantitative review of the empirical literature.Am. Sociol. Rev. 45: 691–701.
- Steffensmeier, D. J., and Jordan, C. (1978). Changing patterns of female crime in rural America 1962–1975.Rural Soc. 43: 87–102.
- Steffensmeier, D. J., and Steffensmeier, R. H. (1980). Trends in female delinquency: An examination of arrest, juvenile court, self-report, and “field data.”Criminology 18: 62–85.
- Thornberry, T. P., and Farnworth, M. (1982). Social correlates of criminal involvement.Am. Sociol. Rev. 47: 505–518.
- Tittle, C. R., Villemez, W. J., and Smith, D. A. (1978). The myth of social class and criminality: An empirical assessment of the empirical evidence.Am. Sociol. Rev. 43: 643–656.
- Van Alstyne, D. (1986). Demographically disaggregated male felony arrest trends: New York State (1970–1984). New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services (monograph).
- Weis, J. (1976). Liberation and crime: The invention of the new female criminal.Crime Soc. Just. 6: 17–27.
- Wolfgang, M. E., and Ferracuti, F. (1967).The Subculture of Violence: Towards an Integrated Theory of Criminology, Tavistock, London.
- Young, V. D. (1980). Women, race, and crime.Criminology 18: 26–34.
- Aggregation effects on male-to-female arrest rate ratios in New York State, 1972 to 1984
Journal of Quantitative Criminology
Volume 4, Issue 2 , pp 121-135
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
- Additional Links
- Data disaggregation
- sex convergence
- arrest rates
- Author Affiliations
- 1. School of Criminal Justice, State University of New York, 135 Western Avenue, 12222, Albany, New York
- 2. New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services, Albany, New York
- 3. Department of Criminology, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, 15701, Indiana, Pennsylvania