Journal of Insect Behavior

, Volume 6, Issue 2, pp 125–140

The variability of mating signals and preferences in the brown planthopper,Nilaparvata lugens (Homoptera: Delphacidae)

  • R. K. Butlin

DOI: 10.1007/BF01051499

Cite this article as:
Butlin, R.K. J Insect Behav (1993) 6: 125. doi:10.1007/BF01051499


Male and female brown planthoppers, Nilaparvata lugens(Stål) (Homoptera: Delphacidae), exchange substrate-transmitted signals prior to mating. The pulse repetition frequency of the male song is known to be involved in mate recognition and also to vary among geographical populations. Here the variability of male signals, female signals, and female preferences has been examined within a population. Female preference variation has been partitioned into variation in mean preference and variation in the window of preference of individuals. The genetic component of variation has been examined using isofemale lines. Male signal variation was limited (CV=8%) and was mainly within individuals. Female signal variation was greater (CV=15%). Female mean preference varied little (CV=10%) and was closely matched to the male signal mean, but the preference window was wide (> 4 male signal standard deviations on average) and variable (CV=56%). There was evidence for genetic variation only for preference window. These results are discussed in relation to theories of signal system evolution.

Key words

mating signalsmate preferencegenetic variationspeciationsexual selectionsubstrate-transmitted vibrations

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. K. Butlin
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Pure and Applied BiologyUniversity of Wales College of CardiffCardiffUK
  2. 2.Department of GeneticsThe University of LeedsLeedsUK