, Volume 13, Issue 1, pp 27-31

Glycosylation ofα 1 glycoprotein in septic shock: Changes in degree of branching and in expression of sialyl Lewisx groups

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The occurrence of differences in acute-phase response, with respect to concentration and glycosylation of α1-acid glycoprotein (AGP) was studied in the sera of patients surviving or not from septic shock. Crossed affino-immunoelectrophoresis was used with concanavalin A andAleuria aurantia lectin for the detection of the degree of branching and fucosylation, respectively, and the monoclonal CSLEX-1 for the detection of sialyl Lewisx (SLeX) groups on AGP. Septic shock apparently induced an acute-phase response as indicated by the increased serum levels and changed glycosylation of AGP. In the survivor group a transient increase in diantennary glycan content was accompanied by a gradually increasing fucosylation and SLeX expression, comparable to those observed in the early phase of an acute-inflammatory response. Remarkably, in the non-survivor group a modest increase in diantennary glycan content was accompanied by a strong elevation of the fucosylation of AGP and the expression of SLeX groups on AGP, typical for the late phase of an acute-phase response. Our results suggest that these changes in glycosylation of AGP can have a prognostic value for the outcome of septic shock.