Social Justice Research

, Volume 1, Issue 2, pp 143-159

Distributive and procedural justice in the workplace

  • Robert FolgerAffiliated withA. B. Freeman School of Business, Tulane University

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The interrelatedness of procedural and distributive justice has implications for organizational practice, especially in the area of performance appraisal. I explore these implications by first describing how procedures can influence perceptions of distributive justice: Procedural improprieties can bring to mind the possibility that a more just outcome might have been obtained if only more acceptable practices had been followed. Next I discuss a second form of interrelatedness — how distributive consequences can influence perceptions of procedural justice — by suggesting that the fairness of a procedure can be assessed in terms of its “expected-value” (typical or most probable) outcome. These points are illustrated by a discussion of howvoice, or the opportunity for employees to contribute information during the performance appraisal process, can affect both appraisal accuracy and perception of fairness.

Key words

procedural justice organizational behavior social psychology participation social cognition