Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities

, Volume 3, Issue 1, pp 59–67

Attitudes of direct-care workers at a residential facility


  • David M. Rice
    • The Devereux Foundation
  • Marvin Rosen
    • The Devereux Foundation
  • Gregg M. Macmann
    • The Devereux Foundation

DOI: 10.1007/BF01046178

Cite this article as:
Rice, D.M., Rosen, M. & Macmann, G.M. J Dev Phys Disabil (1991) 3: 59. doi:10.1007/BF01046178


A self-administered questionnaire was developed to examine two dimensions of staff attitudes: (a) the perceived importance of skills that direct-care workers who are asked to teach their clients, and (b) staff expectations that clients will show improvement in these areas. The relationship between importance/ expectancy ratings and self-reported teaching activity was studied in a sample of 32 direct-care workers at a residential facility for adults with developmental disabilities. In general, direct-care workers reported that they were most frequently engaged in escorting clients, watching and teaching clients during recreational activities, and dealing with client's emotional/behavioral outbursts. Improtance/expectancy ratings were correlated significantly with the education level of respondents, but not with self-reported teaching activity.

Key Words

staff attitudesdirect care workersattitude questionnairejob expectancy

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1991