Formation of diffusionlessly transformed tetragonal phases by rapid quenching of melts in ZrO2-RO1.5 systems (R = rare earths)
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- Yoshimura, M., Yashima, M., Noma, T. et al. J Mater Sci (1990) 25: 2011. doi:10.1007/BF01045757
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Rare-earth (Nd, Sm, Er, Yb, Sc)-doped zirconia was melted using an arc-imaging furnace, and rapidly quenched with a hammer and anvil apparatus (cooling rate >105 K sec−1). These ZrO2-RO1.5 samples were investigated by X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. The existing region of metastable tetragonal zirconia is from 2 to 14 mol% of RO1.5 regardless of the species of dopants, RO1.5. In the lattice parameters of the tetragonal phases, the unit cell volume corresponds to the ionic radii of dopants, whereas the tetragonality (c/a) is independent of the species of dopants, but dependent on the content of dopants.