Does cold winter weather produce depressive symptoms?
Received: 08 September 1987 Accepted: 08 January 1988 DOI:
10.1007/BF01044908 Cite this article as: Garvey, M.J., Goodes, M., Furlong, C. et al. Int J Biometeorol (1988) 32: 144. doi:10.1007/BF01044908 Abstract
To examine whether harsh winter weather is associated with depressive symptoms, 45 healthy subjects from Minnesota were compared to 42 subjects from California near the end of the winter season. No differences in the prevalence of depressive symptoms were found between the two groups.
Key words Depression Weather Winter Cold References
Christensen R (1982) Alaskan winters: a mental health hazard? Alaska Med 24:89
Christensen R, Dowrick PW (1983) Myths of midwinter depression. Alaska Med 25:53–54
Hollon SD, Kendall PC, Lumry A (1986) Specificity of depressotypic cognitions in clinical depressions. J Abnorm Psychol 95:52–59
Krueger AP, Reed EJ (1976) Biological impact of small air ions. Science 193:1209–1213
Large WA, Johnson FN (1980) Psychiatric diagnosis on acute admission related to prevailing weather conditions. Psychiatr Clin 13:90–95
Mawson D, Smith A (1981) Relative humidity and mania admissions in the London area. Br J Psychiatry 138:134–138
Rosenthal NE, Sack DA, Wehr TA (1983) Seasonal variation in affective disorders. In: Wehr TA, Goodwin FK (eds) Circadian rhythms in psychiatry. Boxwood Press, Pacific Grove, pp 185–201
Rosenthal NE, Sack DA, Gillin JC, Lewy AJ, Goodwin FK, Davenport Y, Mueller PS, Newsome DA, Wehr TA (1984) Seasonal affective disorders. Arch Gen Psychiatry 41:72–84
Sulman FG, Levy D, Pfeifer Y, Superstine E, Tal E (1974) Air ionometry of hot, dry desert winds (Sharav) and treatment with air ions of weather-sensitive sujects. Int J Biometeorol 18:313–318
© International Society of Biometeorology 1988