Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 13, Issue 1, pp 71–83

Musk deer (Moschus moschiferus): Reinvestigation of main lipid components from preputial gland secretion

Authors

  • V. E. Sokolov
    • A.N. Severtzov Institute of Evolutionary Animal Morphology and EcologyU.S.S.R. Academy of Sciences
  • M. Z. Kagan
    • A.N. Severtzov Institute of Evolutionary Animal Morphology and EcologyU.S.S.R. Academy of Sciences
  • V. S. Vasilieva
    • A.N. Severtzov Institute of Evolutionary Animal Morphology and EcologyU.S.S.R. Academy of Sciences
  • V. I. Prihodko
    • A.N. Severtzov Institute of Evolutionary Animal Morphology and EcologyU.S.S.R. Academy of Sciences
  • E. P. Zinkevich
    • A.N. Severtzov Institute of Evolutionary Animal Morphology and EcologyU.S.S.R. Academy of Sciences
Article

DOI: 10.1007/BF01020352

Cite this article as:
Sokolov, V.E., Kagan, M.Z., Vasilieva, V.S. et al. J Chem Ecol (1987) 13: 71. doi:10.1007/BF01020352

Abstract

The qualitative and quantitative composition of the principal lipid constituents of Siberian musk deer (Moschus moschiferus) preputial gland secretion, main odor carriers and potential precursors of odorous substances, was investigated by means of high-performance liquid chromatography. Free fatty acids and phenols (10%), waxes (38%), and steroids (38%) were found to be the main groups of the secretion lipids. Cholestanol (I), cholesterol (II), androsterone (III), Δ4-3α-hydroxy-17-ketoandrostene (IV), 5β, 3α-hydroxy-17-ketoandrostane (V), 5α, 3β, 17α-dihydroxyandrostane (VI), 5β, 3α, 17β-dihydroxyandrostane (VII), and 5β, 3α, 17α-dihydroxyandrostane (VIII) were isolated from the steroid fraction and their structures confirmed by IR, PMR, and mass spectra. 3-Methylpentadecanone (muscone) was not identified among the secretion lipids. Preputial gland secretion stimulated sex behavior of musk deer females.

Key words

Musk deerMoschus moschiferuspreputial glandchemical compositionsecretionandrogensodorandrosteronesteroidsmusconepheromone
Download to read the full article text

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1987