Predator deterrence by mandibular gland secretions of bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea)
- Cite this article as:
- Cane, J.H. J Chem Ecol (1986) 12: 1295. doi:10.1007/BF01012349
during intranest encounters when repelling intruding ants, and
retaliation delivered to their arthropodan predators which, if the bee is nearly too large for the predator to handle, may allow the bee to escape.