Relaxation measured by EMG as a function of vibrotactile stimulation
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
The present study investigated the effect of vibrotactile stimulation on relaxation as measured by EMG recording. Forty-eight subjects from three age groups were randomly divided into 8 experimental groups:(1) simultaneous footrest vibration and back vibration(A 1 C 1 );(2) simultaneous footrest vibration and back roller(A 1 C 2 ); (3) simultaneous footrest vibration, back vibration and back roller(A 1 C 3 ); (4) footrest vibration alone(A 1 C 4 ); (5) back vibration alone(A 2 C 1 ); (6) back roller alone(A 2 C 2 ); (7) simultaneous back vibration and back roller(A 2 C 3 ); and(8) control group (no vibration/stimulation)(A 2 C 4 ). The three major variables studied were footrest vibration(A 1 andA 2 ), pre- and post-EMG measures(B 1 andB 2 ), and back vibration(C 1 C 2 C 3 C 4 ). Results showed that footrest vibration had a significant effect on relaxation. Other conditions (except the control) produced a decrease in EMG levels, but did not reach significance. Pre- and postmeasures by experimental conditions were also significantly different. Application of vibration as an aid in relaxation is discussed.
- Balshan, S. Muscle tension and personality in women.Archives of General Psychiatry 1962,7 436–448.
- Basmajian, J. Electromyography comes of age.Science 1972,176 603–609.
- Bierman, W. Influence of cycloid vibration massage on trunk flexion.Journal of Physical Medicine 1960,39 219–224.
- Budzynski, T., & Stoyva, J. Biofeedback techniques in behavior therapy. In T. Barber, L. Dicara, J. Kamiya, N. Miller, and J. Stoyva (Eds.),Biofeedback and self control, 1972. Chicago: Aldine Publishing Co., 1973.
- Ekland, G. Some physical properties of muscle vibrators used to elicit tonic proprioceptive reflexes in man.Acta Societatis Medicorum Upsaliensis (Stockholm), 1971,76 271–290.
- Green, E., Green, A., & Walters, E. Voluntary control of internal states: Psychological and physiological.Journal of Transpersonal Psychology 1970,2 1–26.
- Hagbarth, K. The effects of muscle vibration in normal man and in patients with motor disorders. In J. Desmedt (Ed.),New developments in electromyography and clinical neurophysiology. Basel: Karger, 1973, Vol. 3, 428–443.
- Jacobson, E.Progressive relaxation (2nd ed.). Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1938.
- Matheson, D., Bruce, R., & Beauchamp, K.Introduction to experimental psychology (2nd ed.). New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1974.
- Sargent, J., Walters, D., & Green, E. Psychosomatic self-regulation of migraine headaches.Seminars in Psychiatry 1973,5 416–428.
- Selltiz, C., Jahoda, M., Deutsch, M., & Cook, S.Research methods in social relations (Revised ed.). New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1959. Pp. 366–370.
- Williams, H., Drury, B., & Bierman, W. The influence of cyclomassage on physical activity.Journal of the Association for Physical and Mental Rehabilitation 1961,54 41–45.
- Wolpe, J., Salter, A., & Reyna, L.The conditioning therapies. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1966.
- Relaxation measured by EMG as a function of vibrotactile stimulation
Biofeedback and Self-regulation
Volume 1, Issue 3 , pp 285-292
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
- Additional Links