, Volume 18, Issue 8, pp 927-936

A model of the sodium dependence of dopamine uptake in rat striatal synaptosomes

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Abstract

Initial velocity of uptake of dopamine (DA) has been measured in rat striatal synaptosomes as a function of both [DA] and [Na]. Carrier mediated uptake is totally dependent on external sodium. The data were fitted to a rapid equilibrium model which has been found in previous studies to fit, with appropriate simplification, uptake data for glutamate, GABA, and choline in several brain regions under varying conditions. This model also gives a good fit to the dopamine data. The minimal best fit simplification of this model allows for DA uptake along with two sodium ions and predicts that apparent maximal velocity of uptake should increase with [Na], while the Michaelis-Menten constant should decrease. The minimal best fit model for DA, and a number of kinetic parameters which quantitate the model, are compared to those for the GABA, glutamate, and choline transporters. The results are consistent with a symmetrical, rapid equilibrium model, which has been presented previously for other neurotransmitters and precursors (18). This model offers a unifying basis for understanding the sodium and membrane potential dependence of neurotransmitter transport and the possible participation of transporters in depolarization induced release throughout the CNS.