Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 17, Issue 2, pp 353–367

Thet complex of the mouse: Chemical characterization by urinary volatile profiles

  • B. Jemiolo
  • T. -M. Xie
  • F. Andreolini
  • A. E. M. Baker
  • M. Novotny
Article

DOI: 10.1007/BF00994338

Cite this article as:
Jemiolo, B., Xie, T.M., Andreolini, F. et al. J Chem Ecol (1991) 17: 353. doi:10.1007/BF00994338

Abstract

Urine samples from C3H congenic house mice (Mus domesticus) differing only at thet complex were examined by capillary gas chromatography to assess variations in the volatile components that may cause olfactory discrimination between animals bearingt lethal and+(wild-type) haplotypes. Urine was collected from 192 males and females varying in age from 1 to 9 months. C3H congenic mice that have the same genetic background at all loci but differed in theirt complex genotypes: +/ +, +/tw1,T/tw1, T/+ were used. No urinary volatiles were unique to thet complex. However, significant differences amongt complex genotypes and among ages occurred for concentrations of 12 male volatiles and four female volatiles. Usually young males (1–2 months of age) had significantly higher concentrations of cyclic enol ethers and ketones than older males (4–9 months of age). Moreover, some urinary volatiles (cyclic enol ethers, one ketone, dehydrobrevicomin, and thiazoline) were excreted in the urine of T/+and/orT/t males in significantly higher concentration than in the urine of +/+ males. Age andt complex genotype influences on the urinary volatiles in females were observed for four ketones. Gas chromatography of urinary components has the potential to be used in field studies of thet complex because the two t complex genotypes found in wild populations, +/+ and +/t, had significant differences in concentration for two males volatiles and three female volatiles.

Key Words

Urinary volatileshouse mousechemosignalsT locust complexMus domesticuscapillary gas chromatography

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Jemiolo
    • 1
  • T. -M. Xie
    • 1
  • F. Andreolini
    • 1
  • A. E. M. Baker
    • 1
  • M. Novotny
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryIndiana UniversityBloomington
  2. 2.Strada RivoltanaCarlo Erba StrumentazioneRodano-MilanoItaly
  3. 3.Department of BiologyColorado State UniversityFort Collins