Batson, C. D. (in press).Psychological Inquiry.
Damon, W. (1977).The social world of the child. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Fiske, S. F. (1982). Schema-triggered affect: Applications to social perception. In M. S. Clark & S. T. Fiske (Eds.),Affect and cognition, (pp. 55–78). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Gibbs, J. (1991). Toward an integration of Kohlberg's and Hoffman's theories of morality.Human Development, 34 88–104.
Harris, M. B., & Siebel, C. E. (1975). Affect, aggression, and altruism.Developmental Psychology, 11 623–627.
Hoffman, M. L. (1970). Conscience, personality, and socialization techniques.Human Development, 13 90–126.
Hoffman, M. L. (1975). Developmental synthesis of affect and cognition and its implications for altruistic motivation.Developmental Psychology, 11 607–622.
Hoffman, M. L. (1978). Empathy, its development and prosocial implications. In C. B. Keasey (Ed.),Nebraska symposium on motivation, (Vol. 25, pp. 169–218). Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
Hoffman, M. L. (1980). Moral development in adolescence. In J. Adelson (Ed.),Handbook of adolescent psychology (pp. 295–343). New York: John Wiley.
Hoffman, M. L. (1981). Is altruism part of human nature?Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 40 121–137.
Hoffman, M. L. (1982a). Measurement of Empathy. In C. Izard (Ed.),Measurement of emotions in infants and children (pp. 279–296). New York: Cambridge University Press.
Hoffman, M. L. (1982b). Development of prosocial motivation: Empathy and guilt. In N. Eisenberg (Ed.),Development of prosocial behavior (pp. 281–313). New York: Academic Press.
Hoffman, M. L. (1983). Affective and cognitive processes in moral internalization: An information processing approach. In E. T. Higgins, D. Ruble, & W. Hartup (Eds.),Social cognition and social development: A sociocultural perspective (pp. 236–274). New York: Cambridge University Press.
Hoffman, M. L. (1984). Interaction of affect and cognition in empathy. In C. Izard, J. Kagan, & R. Zajonc (Eds.),Emotions, cognition, and behavior (pp. 103–131). New York: Cambridge University Press.
Hoffman, M. L. (1985). Affect, motivation, and cognition. In E. T. Higgins, & R. M. Sorrention (Eds.),Handbook of motivation and cognition: Foundations of social behavior (pp. 47–80). New York: Guilford Press.
Hoffman, M. L. (1987). The contribution of empathy to justice and moral judgment. In N. Eisenberg, & J. Strayer (Eds.),Empathy and its development (pp. 47–80). New York: Cambridge University Press.
Hoffman, M. L. (1989). Empathy and prosocial activism. In N. Eisenberg, J. Reykowski, & E. Staub (Eds.),Social and moral values (pp. 65–86). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Hoffman, M. L. (1989). Empathic emotions and justice in society.Social justice research, 3 283–311.
Hoffman, M. L. (in press).Psychological Inquiry.
Hoffman, M. L., & Saltztein, H. D. (1967). Parent discipline and the child's moral development.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 5 45–57.
Izard, C. E. (1977).Human emotions. New York: Plenum Press.
Kaplan, L. J. (1977). The basic dialogue and the capacity for empathy. In N. Freedman, & S. Grand (Eds.),Communicative and psychic structures. New York: Plenum Press.
Klass, T. (1978). Psychological effects off immoral actions: The experimental evidence.Psychological Bulletin, 85 223–251.
Lerner, M. J. (1975). The justice motive in social behavior.Journal of Social Issues, 31 1–20.
Lifton, R. (1968).Death in life: Survivors of Hiroshima. New York: Random House.
Mill, J. S. (1979).Utilitarianism. Cambridge, MA: Hackett. (Original work published 1861).
Montada, L., Schmitt, M., & Dalbert, C. (1986). thinking about justice and dealing with one's privileges: A study on existential guilt. In H. W. Bierhoff, R. Cohen, & J. Greenberg (Eds.),Justice in social relations. New York: Plenum Press.
Murphy, L. B. (1937).Social Behavior and Child Personality. New York: Columbia University Press.
Oliner, S. P., and Oliner, P. M. (1988).The altruistic personality. New York: The Free Press.
Rawls, J. A. (1971).A theory of justice, Cambridge, MA: Belnap Press of Harvard University Press.
Razran, G. (1971).Mind in evolution. Boston: Houghton-Mifflin.
Stotland, E. (1969). Exploratory investigations of empathy. In L. Berkowitz (Ed.),Advances in experimental social psychology (Vol. 4). New York: Academic Press.
Thompson, R., & Hoffman, M. L. (1980). Empathy and the arousal of guilt in children.Developmental Psychology, 15 155–156.
Tulving, E. (1972). Episodic and semantic memory. In E. Tulving, & W. Donaldson (Eds.),Organization of memory (pp. 381–403). New York: Academic Press.
Weiner, B. (1985). ‘Spontaneous’ causal thinking.Psychological Bulletin, 97 74–84.
Wender, I. (1986). Children's use of justice principles in allocation situations. In H. Bierhoff, R. Cohen, & J. Greenberg (Eds.),Justice in social relations (pp. 249–264). New York: Plenum Press.
Zahn-Waxler, C., Radke-Yarrow, M., & King, R. A. (1979). Childrearing and children's prosocial initiations towards victims of distress.Child Development, 50 319–330.
Zanna, M. P., Kiesler, C. A., & Pilkonis, P. A. (1970). Positive and negative affect established by classical conditioning.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 14 321–328.