Alarm response to venom by social waspsPolistes exclamans andP. fuscatus (Hymenoptera: Vespidae)
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- Post, D.C., Downing, H.A. & Jeanne, R.L. J Chem Ecol (1984) 10: 1425. doi:10.1007/BF00990313
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The venoms ofPolistes exclamans andP. fuscatus elicit alarm behavior and attract attacking wasps. The response is not species specific, for both hetero- and conspecific venoms elicit similar responses in both species. A test in a wind tunnel provided no support for the hypothesis that alarmed wasps release an alarm pheromone on the nest.