Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 4, Issue 1, pp 17-25

First online:

Some chemical constituents of the secretion from the temporal gland of the African elephant (Loxodonta africana)

  • Jack AdamsAffiliated withCalifornia State University
  • , Alexander GarciaIIIAffiliated withDepartment of Chemistry, University of California
  • , Christopher S. FooteAffiliated withDepartment of Chemistry, University of California

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The temporal glands of African elephants were examined macroscopically and histologically, and were found to be modified apocrine sweat glands. The secretion from these glands was analyzed by gas chromatography and mass spectrometry, and some of the major volatile components have been identified as phenol andm- andp-cresol.

Key words

African elephant temporal gland phenol m- andp-cresol apocrine sweat gland Loxodonta africana