Journal of Chemical Ecology

, Volume 4, Issue 1, pp 17–25

Some chemical constituents of the secretion from the temporal gland of the African elephant (Loxodonta africana)


  • Jack Adams
    • California State University
  • Alexander GarciaIII
    • Department of ChemistryUniversity of California
  • Christopher S. Foote
    • Department of ChemistryUniversity of California

DOI: 10.1007/BF00988256

Cite this article as:
Adams, J., Garcia, A. & Foote, C.S. J Chem Ecol (1978) 4: 17. doi:10.1007/BF00988256


The temporal glands of African elephants were examined macroscopically and histologically, and were found to be modified apocrine sweat glands. The secretion from these glands was analyzed by gas chromatography and mass spectrometry, and some of the major volatile components have been identified as phenol andm- andp-cresol.

Key words

African elephanttemporal glandphenolm- andp-cresolapocrine sweat glandLoxodonta africana

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1978