Some chemical constituents of the secretion from the temporal gland of the African elephant ( Loxodonta africana)
Received: 05 April 1977 Revised: 20 June 1977 DOI:
Cite this article as: Adams, J., Garcia, A. & Foote, C.S. J Chem Ecol (1978) 4: 17. doi:10.1007/BF00988256 Abstract
The temporal glands of African elephants were examined macroscopically and histologically, and were found to be modified apocrine sweat glands. The secretion from these glands was analyzed by gas chromatography and mass spectrometry, and some of the major volatile components have been identified as phenol and
m- and p-cresol. Key words African elephant temporal gland phenol m- and p-cresol apocrine sweat gland Loxodonta africana
A portion of this research was funded by the University of California, Los Angeles, Research Grant 1795, to Dr. C.S. Foote.
Adams, J., and Berg, J.K. 1977. The repertoire of behavior of African elephants ( Loxodonta africana) in captivity (manuscript submitted to J. Mammal.).
Bere, R. 1966. The African elephant. Golden Press. New York.
Bales, N.B., 1925. External characters, skin, and temporal gland of a foetal African elephant. Proc. Zool Soc. London 2:445–456.
Farrington, J.W., and Quinn, J.G. 1971. Comparison of sampling and extraction techniques for fatty acids in recent sediments. Geochim. Cosmichim. Acta 35:735–741.
Fillerup, D.L., and Mead, J.F. 1953. Chromatographic separation of the plasma lipids. Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. 83:574–577.
Johnson, C.W., and Buss, I.O. 1967. Molariform teeth of male African elephants in relation to age, body dimensions and growth. J. Mammal. 46:373–384.
Kingston, B.H. 1964. The chemistry and olfactory properties of musk, civet and castoreum. Proc. 2nd Int. Congr. Endocrinol. 209–214.
Laws, R.M. 1970. Biology of African elephants. Sci. Progr. Oxford 58:251–262.
Perry, J.S. 1953. The reproduction of the African elephant ( Loxodonta africana). Roy. Soc. London, Trans. B 237:93–149.
Pocock, R.I. 1916. Scent glands in mammals. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 2:742–755.
Short, R.V., Mann, T., and Hay, M.F. 1967. Male reproductive organs of the African elephant, Loxodonta africana. J. Reprod. Fertil. 13:517–536.
Sikes, S.K. 1971. The natural history of the African elephant. American Elsevier, New York. Copyright information
© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1978