Function of secretion of mandibular gland of male in territorial behavior of Xylocopa sulcatipes (Hymenoptera: Anthophoridae) Article Received: 10 August 1982 Revised: 29 November 1982 DOI:
10.1007/BF00987815 Cite this article as: Hefetz, A. J Chem Ecol (1983) 9: 923. doi:10.1007/BF00987815 Abstract
Males of the carpenter bee,
Xylocopa sulcatipes, establish and defend territories which they mark with the secretions of their mandibular glands. Chemical analysis of the glandular blend revealed that it is composed of guaiacol, p-cresol, and vanillin. Territorial males recognize other intruding males either by sight or by the odor emitted from their mandibular glands. They chase the intruder out of the territory immediately, but will not do so if the visitor is a female. If a female, however, is scented with the reconstituted synthetic pheromonal blend and introduced into a territory of a male, it is treated as a male and chased out of the territory. It is suggested that the blend has a dual function: Guaiacol seems to be the aggressiveness elicitor, while vanillin is the territorial marker and female attractant and therefore could be considered a sex pheromone. Key words Xylocopa sulcatipes Hymenoptera Anthophoridae territoriality scent marking mandibular glands guaiacol p cresol vanillin aggressive behavior References
1978. Notes on male-locating behavior in some bees and wasps of Arizona.
1980. Natural selection and the mating system of solitary bees.
1973. 2,3-Dihydro-6-trans-farnesol: Main component in the cephalic marker secretion of
K. (Hym., Apidae) males. Zool.
1980. Pyrazines as marking volatiles in philanthine and nyssonine wasps (Hymenopera: Sphecidae).
J. Chem. Ecol.
Frankie, G.W., Vinson, S.B.
1980. Territorial behavior of
and its reproductive function in the Costa Rican dry forest (Hymenoptera: Anthophoridae).
J. Kans. Entomol Soc.
1978. Biology and mating behavior of
L. (Hymenoptera, Anthophoridae).
Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol.
Gerling, D., Hurd, P.D.
1983. Comparative behavioral biology of two Middle East species of carpenter bees (
Latreille) (Hymenoptera: Apoidea).
Smilhsonian Contrib. Zool.
1965. Notes on male territorial behavior in the Galapagos carpenter bee (Hymenoptera: Apidae)
Simon Thomas, R.T.
1972. Notes on the behavior of males
1980. Observation on territoriality and mating behavior of the carpenter bee
Entomol. Exp. Appl.
1975a. Observations on male territories in a carpenter bee,
Xylocopa (Neoxylocopa) hirsutissima
Maidl (Hymenoptera,Anthophoridae). Z.
1975b. Further observations on the function of male territories in the carpenter bee
Xylocopa (Neoxvlocopa) hirsutissima
(Maidl) (Anthophoridae, Hymenoptera).
Neth. J. Zool.
Vinson, S.B., Williams, K.J., Frankie, G. W., Wheeler, J.W., Blum, M.S.
1982. Mandibular glands of male
(Hymenoptera; Anthophoridae): Their morphology, chemical constituents and function in scent marking and territorial behavior.
J. Chem. Ecol.
Wheeler, J.W., Evans, S.L., Blum, M.S., Velthuis, H.H.W.
-2-Methyl-5-hydroxyhexanoic acid lactone in the mandibular gland secretions of a carpenter bee.
Google Scholar Copyright information
© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1983