Political Behavior

, Volume 5, Issue 4, pp 391–401

Activating voters in congressional elections

  • Gary W. Copeland

DOI: 10.1007/BF00987563

Cite this article as:
Copeland, G.W. Polit Behav (1983) 5: 391. doi:10.1007/BF00987563


This paper shows that one of the consequences of electoral campaigns is activation. Much research in the last decade has shown that campaign spending is related to electoral outcomes, but nearly all of this research has been conducted on district-level data, so we do not know how campaigns influence individual voters. This research returns to the theoretical framework offered inThe People's Choice and shows that at least part of the effect of campaigns is due to the increased likelihood of people voting when campaigns are more intense.

Copyright information

© Agathon Press, Inc 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gary W. Copeland
    • 1
  1. 1.Carl Albert Congressional Research and Studies Center and Department of Political ScienceUniversity of OklahomaUSA