, Volume 144, Issue 2, pp 119-135

Differentiation of perennial and annual types due to habitat conditions in the wild riceOryza perennis

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Abstract

Populations of the common wild rice of AsiaO. rufipogon Griff. (=Oryza perennis Moench) were studied with regard to interrelations between life-history traits and habitat conditions. They showed a perennial-annual continuum and differed in reproductive allocation and many other traits. Perennial populations were found in deep swamps, while annual populations were in shallower, temporary swamps which were parched in the dry season. The perennial and annual types tended to be in association with other perennial and annual plants, respectively, suggesting their niche differentiation. Intermediate perennial-annual populations were in communities with a high species diversity. In one population, plants growing on the periphery of the swamp were of annual and those in deeper center were of perennial type. Another population seemed to be differentiated into an annual and an intermediate type in accordance with different degrees of habitat disturbance. The small genetic distances found between the sub-populations suggested their differentiation within a gene pool.

Contribution from National Institute of Genetics, Japan, No. 1415.