, Volume 25, Issue 3, pp 207-211

Effect of ischemia and partial outflow obstruction on rat bladder function

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We investigated the effects of ischemia induced by ligation of the bilateral internal iliac arteries following partial outlet obstruction on changes in detrusor function in rat. Rats were divided into three groups: sham-operated control rats, rats with partial outlet obstruction, and rats with obstruction + ischemia. Bladder function was studied by the in vitro organ bath technique 7 days after surgery. The weight of the bladder was significantly increased in both the obstruction and obstruction + ischemia groups. The obstruction + ischemia group exhibited a greater increase in weight. The passive length-tension relationship of detrusor muscle strips showed that tissue elasticity was decreased and the active length-tension relationship demonstrated that the peak response was observed at a shorter tissue length in the obstruction + ischemia group compared with the other two groups. There was no difference in the passive and active length-tension relationships between the control group and the obstruction group. The contractile response to various kinds of stimulation (field stimulation, bethanechol, ATP, and KCl) increased in the obstruction group and decreased in the obstruction + ischemia group. These findings suggest that partial outflow obstruction alone increased bladder contractility in response to stimuli. However, ischemia reduced the contractility and elasticity of the bladder wall.