Psychological Research

, Volume 54, Issue 2, pp 103–109

The generation effect in primed word-fragment completion reexamined

  • Ulrich Olofsson
  • Lars-Göran Nilsson
Article

DOI: 10.1007/BF00937138

Cite this article as:
Olofsson, U. & Nilsson, L. Psychol. Res (1992) 54: 103. doi:10.1007/BF00937138

Summary

Two experiments were designed to test a claim made by Gardiner (1988) that there are generation effects in implicit memory as measured by word-fragment completion. Subjects either read words at study or generated the words from fragments. As in previous research, fragments were completed to a greater extent if they were identical at study and test than if they differed. In Experiment 1 it was found that subjects could recognize explicitly the exact form of fragments that had been used for self-generation and distinguish these from other forms of fragments. An analysis of the contingency relations between recognition of fragments and fragment completion showed a high degree of dependence between the two tests. In Experiment 2 it was found that the match of surface features between study and test was a necessary, but not sufficient, condition to produce enhancement of priming. The results are interpreted as supporting the claim that generation does involve a data-driven component in addition to semantic elaboration.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ulrich Olofsson
    • 1
  • Lars-Göran Nilsson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of UmeåUmeåSweden