, Volume 18, Issue 2, pp 187-197

New least-square algorithms

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New algorithms are presented for approximating the minimum of the sum of squares ofM real and differentiable functions over anN-dimensional space. These algorithms update estimates for the location of a minimum after each one of the functions and its first derivatives are evaluated, in contrast with other least-square algorithms which evaluate allM functions and their derivatives at one point before using any of this information to make an update. These new algorithms give estimates which fluctuate about a minimum rather than converging to it. For many least-square problems, they give an adequate approximation for the solution more quickly than do other algorithms.

Communicated by D. R. Fulkerson
It is a pleasure to thank J. Chesick of Haverford College for suggesting and implementing the application of this algorithm to x-ray crystallography.