Scavenging of soluble organic matter from the prebiotic oceans
- A. Nissenbaum
- … show all 1 hide
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
The existence of hot or cold ‘nutrient broth’ or ‘primeval soup’ is challenged on the basis of the recent geochemistry of soluble organic carbon in the oceans. Most of the dissolved organic carbon is recycled quickly by organisms, but the residual, biologically refractive, organic matter is efficiently scavenged from the oceans (residence time of 1000 to 3500 years) by nonbiologically mediated chemical and physical processes, such as adsorption on sinking minerals, polymerization and aggregation to humic type polymers or by aggregation to particulate matter through bubbling ans sinking of this material to the ocean bottom. Since there is no reason to believe that such nonbiological scavenging was not operative in the prebiotic oceans as well, then the prolonged existence of ‘organic soup’ is very doubtful. The question of the orgin of life is thus assumed to be related to solid-liquid interfacial activity, and the answer may be associated with sediment-water interaction rather than with solution chemistry.
- Bar-Nun, A. and Shaviv, A.: 1975,Icarus 24, 197–210.
- Bar-Nun, A., Bar-Nun, N., Bauer, S. H., and Sagan, C.: 1971, in R. Buvet and C. Ponnamperuma (eds.),Problems of the Origin of Life: Present State and Prospects, North Holland Publishing Co., Amsterdam and London.
- Brodvskiy, O. K.: 1965,Mar. Geol. 3, 33–82.
- Brooks, J. and Shaw, G.: 1973,Origin and Development of Living Systems, p. 412, Academic Press, London and New York.
- Cairns-Smith, A. G.: 1971,The Life Puzzle, p. 134, University of Toronto Press, Toronto.
- Fotiyev, A. V.: 1968,Dokl. Akad. Nauk. U.S.S.R. 179, 183–186, (English Transl).
- Haldane, J. B. S.: 1928,Rational. Ann 148, 3–10.
- Hartman, H.: 1975,J. Mol. Evol. 4, 359–370.
- Kalle, K.: 1966, in H. Barnes (ed.),Oceanography and Marine Biology, Ann. Reviews, pp. 91–104, George Allen and Unwin Ltd., London.
- Leventhal, J., Suess, S. E., and Cloud, P.: 1975,PN AS 72, 4706–4710.
- Miller, S. L. and Orgel, L. E.: 1974,The Origins of Life on Earth, p. 229, Prentice Hall, N.J.
- Nissenbaum, A.: 1974, in B. Tissot, and F. Bienner (eds.),Advances in Organic Geochemistry, 1973, p. 37, Ed. Technip., Paris.
- Nissenbaum, A., Kenyon, D. H., and Oro, J.: 1975,J. Mol. Evol.,6, 253–270.
- Oparin, A. I.: 1971, in R. Buvet and C. Ponnamperuma (eds.),Chemical Evolution and the Origin of Life, North Holland Pub. Co., Amsterdam and London.
- Riley, J. P. and Chester, R.: 1971,Introduction to Marine Chemistry, p. 465, Academic Press, London and New York.
- Siever, R.: 1975, inAbs. 2nd College Park Colloquia on Chemical Evolution Lab. for Chemical Evol., Univ. of Maryland.
- Skopintsev, B. A.: 1971, in D. Dryssen and D. Jagner (eds.),The Changing Chemistry of the Oceans, 364 pp. Wiley Interscience Division, N.Y. and London.
- Steurmer, D. H. and Harvey, G. R.: 1974,Nature (London) 250, 480–481.
- Williams, P. N., Oeschager, H., and Kinney, P.: 1969,Nature (London) 224, 256–257.
- Scavenging of soluble organic matter from the prebiotic oceans
Origins of life
Volume 7, Issue 4 , pp 413-416
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers
- Additional Links
- A. Nissenbaum (1)
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Isotope Department, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel