Journal of Clinical Immunology

, Volume 13, Issue 5, pp 359–370

Anti-Pseudomonas aeruginosa IgG subclass titers in patients with cystic fibrosis: Correlations with pulmonary function, neutrophil chemotaxis, and phagocytosis

Authors

  • Robert G. Cowan
    • Department of PediatricsAlbany Medical College
  • Glenna B. Winnie
    • Department of PediatricsAlbany Medical College
Original Articles

DOI: 10.1007/BF00920245

Cite this article as:
Cowan, R.G. & Winnie, G.B. J Clin Immunol (1993) 13: 359. doi:10.1007/BF00920245

Abstract

To explore possible mechanisms for the association between elevated immunoglobulin levels and lower pulmonary function in cystic fibrosis patients, we measured serum IgG subclass levels and anti-P. aeruginosa IgG subclass titers and correlated levels with neutrophil phagocytosis and chemotaxis. Serum was obtained from 13 cystic fibrosis patients colonized with the same serotype ofP. aeruginosa, 12 noncolonized patients, and 12 normal volunteers. All anti-P. aeruginosa IgG subclass titers were elevated in serum from colonized patients. IgG3 level and anti-P. aeruginosa IgG3 titer were inversely correlated with pulmonary function. Phagocytosis ofP. aeruginosa by neutrophils correlated with serum IgG3 level and was increased by opsonization with serum from colonized patients. Chemotactic index was increased in serum from colonized patients and inversely correlated with pulmonary function chest roentgenogram score. Chemotactic index directly correlated with anti-P. aeruginosa IgG3 titer and serum IgG3. These data demonstrate that cystic fibrosis patients with increased IgG3 levels are in poorer clinical condition and that their serum enhances neutrophil function. Such patients may have increased pulmonary inflammation with subsequent lung damage.

Key words

Cystic fibrosisPseudomonas aeruginosaIgG subclassesneutrophils

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1993