Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

, Volume 15, Issue 4, pp 559–572

Cognitive vulnerability in children at risk for depression

  • Carol Jaenicke
  • Constance Hammen
  • Brian Zupan
  • Donald Hiroto
  • David Gordon
  • Cheri Adrian
  • Dorli Burge
Article

DOI: 10.1007/BF00917241

Cite this article as:
Jaenicke, C., Hammen, C., Zupan, B. et al. J Abnorm Child Psychol (1987) 15: 559. doi:10.1007/BF00917241

Abstract

Cognitive, developmental, and psychodynamic theories all hypothesize that negative self-concepts acquired in childhood may induce vulnerability to depression. Children at risk because of maternal major affective disorder, compared with children of medically ill and normal mothers, were examined for evidence of negative cognitions about themselves, and were found to have more negative self-concept, less positive self-schemas, and more negative attributional style. It was further predicted that negative cognitions about the self would be related to maternal depression and chronic stress, and to the quality of perceived and actual interactions with the mother. In general, the predicted associations were obtained, supporting speculations about how maternal affective disorder is associated with stress and with relatively negative and unsupportive relationships with children that in turn diminish children's self-regard.

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carol Jaenicke
    • 1
  • Constance Hammen
    • 1
  • Brian Zupan
    • 1
  • Donald Hiroto
    • 1
  • David Gordon
    • 1
  • Cheri Adrian
    • 1
  • Dorli Burge
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of CaliforniaLos Angeles

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