Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

, Volume 21, Issue 5, pp 469–480

The importance of conduct problems and depressive symptoms in predicting adolescent substance use

  • Bill Henry
  • Mike Feehan
  • Rob McGee
  • Warren Stanton
  • Terrie E. Moffitt
  • Phil Silva
Article

DOI: 10.1007/BF00916314

Cite this article as:
Henry, B., Feehan, M., McGee, R. et al. J Abnorm Child Psychol (1993) 21: 469. doi:10.1007/BF00916314

Abstract

The current study assessed the relative importance of conduct problems and depressive symptoms, measured at two ages (11 and 15), for predicting substance use at age 15 in an unselected birth cohort of New Zealand adolescents. Among males, when the relative predictive utility of both conduct problems and depressive symptoms was assessed, only pre-adolescent depressive symptoms were found to predict multiple drug use 4 years later. No predictive relation was found between early symptomatology and later substance use among females. The strongest association between predictors and substance use emerged between age 15 multiple drug use and concurrent conduct problems for both males and females. Finally, both conduct problems and depressive symptoms at age 15 were also found to be associated with concurrent “self-medication” among females.

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bill Henry
    • 1
  • Mike Feehan
    • 2
  • Rob McGee
    • 2
  • Warren Stanton
    • 2
  • Terrie E. Moffitt
    • 1
  • Phil Silva
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Wisconsin-MadisonMadison
  2. 2.Dunedin Health and Development Research UnitUniversity of Otago Medical SchoolDunedinNew Zealand