Disruptive boys with stable and unstable high fighting behavior patterns during junior elementary school
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
Boys' fighting was assessed at ages six, eight, and nine. The boys (N=69) had been selected from the 30% most disruptive children in kindergartens from low socioeconomic neighborhoods. Twentythree percent of these disruptive boys were rated as high fighters on three assessments (“stable high fighters”), and 28% were rated as high fighters on two of the three assessments (“variable high fighters”). Forty-two percent were rated as high fighters only one out of three assessments (“occasional high fighters”) and 7% were never rated as high fighters. Only high fighting in two successive years significantly increased the risk of being rated a high fighter in a following year. At age 10, stable high fighters (high fighters at ages 6, 8, 9) were perceived by teachers, peers, mothers, and the boys themselves as more disruptive and more antisocial than occasional high fighters. These results show an impressive self-other agreement in boys who have adopted a physically aggressive life style from an early age. The three groups did not differ on individual family demographic characteristics, but stable high fighters had a higher mean on an index of family socioeconomic disadvantage. Results indicate that the aggression scales which include only a few physical aggression items and many disruptive items (oppositional behavior, rejection, hyper activity, inattention, etc.) probably aggregate two kinds of disruptive boys, the highfrequency fighters at high risk for stable disruptive, physically aggressive, and antisocial behaviors, and the disruptive low-frequency fighters who are at a lower risk of stable disruptive behavior and at a lower risk of early antisocial behavior.
- Achenbach, T. M., & Edelbrock, C. (1986).Manual for the teacher's report form and teacher version of the Child Behavior Profile. Burlington, VT: University of Vermont, Department of Psychiatry.
- Achenbach, T. M., & Edelbrock, C. (1983).Manual for the Child Behavior Checklist and Revised Child Behavior Profile. Burlington, VT: University of Vermont, Department of Psychiatry.
- Behar, L. B., and Stringfield, S. (1974). A behavior rating scale for the preschool child.Developmental Psychology, 10, 601–610.
- Blishen, B. R., & McRoberts, H. A. (1976). Revised socioeconomic index for occupations in Canada.Canadian Review of Sociology and Anthropology, 13, 71–79.
- Cairns, R. B., Cairns, B. D., Neckerman, H. J., Ferguson, L. L., & Gariépy, J. L. (1989). Growth and aggression: 1. Childhood to early adolescence.Developmental Psychology, 25, 320–330.
- Falender, C. A., & Mehrabian, A. (1980). The emotional climate for children as inferred from parental attitudes: A preliminary validation of three scales.Educational and Psychological Measurement, 40, 1033–1042.
- Farrington, D. P. (1991). Childhood aggression and adult violence: Early precursors and later life outcomes. In D. J. Pepler & K. H. Rubin (Eds.),The development and treatment of childhood aggression. Toronto: Eribaum.
- Huesmann, L. R., Eron, L. D., Lefkowitz, M. M., & Walder, L. O. (1984). Stability of aggression over time and generations.Developmental Psychology, 20, 1120–1134.
- Kolvin, I., Miller, F. J. W., Fleeting, M., & Kolvin, P. A. (1988). Social and parenting factors affecting criminal offense rates: Findings from the Newcastle thousand family study (1947-1980).British Journal of Psychiatry, 152, 80–90.
- Leblanc, M., & Fréchette, M. (1989).Male criminal activity from childhood through youth. New York: Springer-Verlag.
- Lefkowitz, M. M., Eron, L. D., Walder, L. O., & Huesmann, L. R. (1977).Growing up to be violent: A longitudinal study of the development of aggression. Toronto: Pergamon Press.
- Loeber, R., & Stouthamer-Loeber, M. (1986). Family factors as correlates and predictors of juvenile conduct problems and delinquency. In M. Tonry & N. Morris (Eds.),Crime and justice: An annual review, 7, (pp. 29–149). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
- Loeber, R., Tremblay, R. E., Gagnon, C., & Charlebois, P. (1989). Continuity and desistance in disruptive boys' early fighting at school.Development and Psychopathology, 1, 39–50.
- McCord, J. (1986). Instigation and insulation: How families affect antisocial aggression. In D. Olweus, J. Block, & M. Radke-Yarrow (Eds.),Development of antisocial and prosocial behavior (pp. 343–357). Toronto: Academic Press.
- Mischel, W. (1984). Convergences and challenges in the search for consistency.American Psychologist, 39, 351–364.
- Morash, M., & Rucker, L. (1989). An exploratory study of the connection of mother's age at childbearing to her children's delinquency in four data sets.Crime and Delinquency, 35, 45–93.
- Olweus, D. (1979). Stability of aggressive reaction patterns in males: A review.Psychological Bulletin, 86, 852–875.
- Parke, R. D., & Slaby, R. G. (1983). The development of aggression. In E. M. Hetherington (Ed.),Handbook of child psychology (4th ed., Vol. 4) (pp. 547–641). New York: John Wiley & Sons.
- Patterson, G. R. (1982).Coercive family process. Eugene, OR: Castalia Publishing Company.
- Pekarick, E. G., Prinz, R. J., Liebert, R. E., Weintraub, S., & Neale, J. M. (1976). The pupil evaluation inventory.Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 4, 83–97.
- Roff, J. D., & Wirt, R. D. (1984). Childhood social adjustment, adolescent status, and young adult mental health.American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 54, 595–602.
- Rushton, J. P., & Erdle, S. (1987). Evidence for an aggressive and delinquent personality.British Journal of Social Psychology, 26, 87–89.
- Rutter, M. (1967) Children's behavior questionnaire for completion by teachers: Preliminary findings.Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 8, 1–11.
- Tremblay, R. E., LeBlanc, M., & Schwartzman, A. (1988). The predictive power of first-grade peer and teacher ratings of behavior: Sex differences in antisocial behavior and personality at adolescence.Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 16, 571–583.
- Tremblay, R. E., Desmarais-Gervais, L., Gagnon, C., & Charlebois, P. (1987). The Preschool Behaviour Questionnaire: Stability of its factor structure between cultures, sexes, ages and socioeconomic classes.International Journal of Behavioral Development, 10, 467–484.
- Weir, K., & Duveen, G. (1981). Further development and validation of the prosocial behaviour questionnaire for use by teachers.Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 22, 357–374.
- Weir, K., Stevenson, J., & Graham, P. (1980). Behavioral deviance and teacher ratings of prosocial behavior.Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry, 19, 68–77.
- Disruptive boys with stable and unstable high fighting behavior patterns during junior elementary school
Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Volume 19, Issue 3 , pp 285-300
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
- Additional Links
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Research Unit on Children's Psycho-Social Maladjustment, Ecole de Psycho-Éducation, University of Montréal, 750, boul. Gouin Est, H2C 1A6, Montréal, Canada
- 2. Western Psychiatric Institute, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania