Characteristics of rainfall over Brazil: Annual variations and connections with the Southern Oscillation
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- Rao, V.B. & Hada, K. Theor Appl Climatol (1990) 42: 81. doi:10.1007/BF00868215
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Annual and interannual variations of rainfall over Brazil are discussed. First, rainy and dry seasons for several stations of Brazil are determined using the data of 21 years (1958–1978). The progressive movement of the Intertropical Convergence Zone seems to be associated with the progresive variation of rainfall seasons in the equatorial eastern Brazil. The annual migration of deep tropical convection from Central and Southern Portion of the Amazon basin in austral summer to the northwestern sector of South America in austral winter seems to be responsible for the annual cycle of rainfall in the Amazon basin. The conncection between the interannual variation of rainfall over Brazil and the Southern Oscillation is also discussed. The correlation coefficient between the Southern Oscillation index and the rainfall is generally small over most of Brazil except over Rio Grande do Sul. The correlation between the spring rainfall of Rio Grande do Sul and the Southern Oscillation index of the same or of the previous season is significantly high and shows prospects for seasonal rainfall prediction.