Adams-Tucker, C. (1982). Proximate effects of sexual abuse in childhood: A report on 28 children.American Journal of Psychiatry, 139
Ageton, S. (1983).Sexual assault among adolescents. Lexington, MD: D. C. Health.
Alexander, P.C., & Lupfer, S.L. (1987). Family characteristics and long-term consequences associated with sexual abuse.Archives of Sexual Behavior, 16
Alter-Reid, K., Gibbs, M.S., Lachhenmeyer, J.R., Sigal, S., & Massoth, N.A. (1986). Sexual abuse of children: A review of empirical findings.Clinical Psychology Review, 6, 249–266.
American Psychiatric Association. (1987).Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (3rd ed.; Revised). Washington, DC: Author.
Atkeson, B.M., Calhoun, K.S., Resick, P.A., & Ellis, E.M. (1982). Victims of rape: Repeated assessment of depressive symptoms.Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 50
Badgley, R. (1984).Report of the Federal Committee on Sexual Offenses Against Children and Youth. Ottawa: Federal Departments of Justice and Health and Welfare.
Bagley, C., & McDonald, M. (1984). Adult mental health sequels of child sexual abuse, physical abuse and neglect in maternally separated children.Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health, 3, 15–26.
Bagley, C., & Ramsey, R. (1985). Sexual abuse in childhood: Psychosocial outcomes and implications for social work practice.Social Work Practice and Sexual Problems, 4, 33–47.
Becker, J.V., Abel, G.G., & Skinner, L.J. (1979). The impact of a sexual assault on the victims' sexual life.Victimology, 4, 229–235.
Becker, J.V., Skinner, L.J., Abel, G.G., Howell, J., & Bruce, K. (1982a). The effects of sexual assault on rape and attempted rape victims.Victimology, 7, 106–113.
Becker, J.V., Skinner, L.J., Abel, G.G., & Treacy, E.C. (1982b). Incidence and types of sexual dysfunctions in rape and incest victims.Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy, 8
Bender, L., & Grugett, A.E. (1952). A follow-up report on children who had atypical sexual problems.American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 22
Briere, J., & Runtz, M. (1986). Suidical thoughts and behaviors in former sexual abuse victims.Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 18, 413–423.
Briere, J., & Runtz, M. (1987). Post sexual abuse trauma: Data implications for clinical practice.Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 2, 367–379.
Briere, J., & Runtz, M. (1988). Symptomalogy associated with childhood sexual victimization in a nonclinical adult sample.Child Abuse and Neglect, 12, 51–59.
Browne, A., & Finkelhor, D. (1986). Impact of child sexual abuse: A review of the research.Psychological Bulletin, 99
Brownmiller, S. (1975).Against our will: Men, women and rape. New York: Simon and Schuster.
Burgess, A.W., Hartman, C.R., & McCormack, A. (1987). Abused to abuser: Antecedents of socially deviant behaviors.American Journal of Psychiatry, 144
Burgess, A.W., & Holstrom, L.L. (1974). Rape trauma syndrome.American Journal of Psychiatry, 131
Burgess, A.W., & Holstrom, L.L. (1976). Rape: Its effects on task performance at varying stages in the life cycle. In M. J. Walker & S. L. Brodsky (Eds.),Sexual assault: The victim and the rapist (pp. 23–34). Lexington, MA: D.C. Health.
Burgess, A.W., & Holstrom, L.L. (1979a). Adaptive strategies and recovery from rape.American Journal of Psychiatry, 136
Burgess, A.W., & Holstrom, L.L. (1979b). Rape: Sexual disruption and recovery.American Journal of Orthospychiatry, 49, 648–657.
Burnam, M.A., Stein, J.A., Golding, J.M., Siegel, J.M., Sorenson, S.B., Forsythe, A.B., & Telles, C.A. (1988). Sexual assault and mental disorders in a community population.Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 56, 843–850.
Burt, M.R. (1980). Cultural myths and support for rape.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 38
Burt, M.R., & Katz, B.L. (1985). Rape, robbery, and burglary: Responses to actual and feared criminal victimization, with a special focus on women and the elderly.Victimology, 10, 325–358.
Burt, M.R., & Katz, B.L. (1987). Dimensions of recovery from rape: Focus on growth outcomes.Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 2, 57–81.
Caffaro-Rouget, A., Lang, R.A., & van Santen, V. (1989). The impact of child sexual abuse on victims' adjustment.Annals of Sex Research, 2, 29–47.
Calhoun, K.S., Atkeson, B.M., & Resick, P.A. (1982). A longitudinal examination of fear reactions in victims of rape.Journal of Consuling Psychology, 29, 655–661.
Cohen, J.A., & Mannarino, A.P. (1988). Psychological symptoms in sexually abused girls.Child Abuse and Neglect, 12
Conte, J.R. (1985). The effects of sexual abuse on children: A critique and suggestions for future research.Victimology, 10, 110–130.
Conte, J.R., & Schuerman, J.R. (1987a). Factors associated with an increased impact of child sexual abuse.Child Abuse and Neglect, 11
Conte, J.R., & Schuerman, J.R. (1987b). The effects of sexual abuse on children.Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 2, 380–390.
Courtois, C.A. (1979). The incest experience and its aftermath.Victimology, 4, 337–347.
Deblinger, E., McLeer, S.V., Atkins, M.S., Ralphe, D., & Foa, E. (1989). Post-traumatic stress in sexually abused, physically abused, and nonabused children.Child Abuse and Neglect, 13
Dembo, R., Williams, L., La Voie, L., Berry, E., Getreu, A., Wish, E.D., Schmeidler, J., & Washburn, M. (1989). Physical abuse, sexual victimization, and illicit drug use: Replication of a structural analysis among a new sample of high-risk youths.Violence and Victims, 4
De Young, M. (1982).The sexual victimization of children. Jefferson, NC: McFarland.
Edwards, P.W., & Donaldson, M.A. (1989). Assessment of symptoms in adult survivors of incest: A factor analytic study of the responses to Childhood Incest Questionnaire.Child Abuse and Neglect, 13
Einbender, A.J., & Friedrich, W.N. (1989). Psychological functioning and behavior of sexually abused girls.Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 57
Ellis, E.M. (1983). A review of empirical rape research: Victim reactions and response to treatment.Clinical Psychology Review, 3, 473–490.
Ellis, E.M., Atkeson, B.M., & Calhoun, K.S. (1981). An assessment of long-term reaction to rape.Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 90
Ellis, E.M., Atkeson, B.M., & Calhoun, K.S. (1982). An examination of differences between multiple- and single-incident victims of sexual assault.Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 91
Ellis, E.M., Calhoun, K.S., & Atkeson, B.M. (1980). Sexual dysfunction in victims of rape.Women and Health, 5, 39–47.
Feldman-Summers, S., Gordon, P.E., & Meagher, J.R. (1979). Impact of rape on sexual satisfaction.Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 88
Finkelhor, D. (1979a).Sexually victimized children. New York: Free Press.
Finkelhor, D. (1979b). What's wrong with sex between adults and children? Ethics and the problem of sexual abuse.American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 49
Finkelhor, D. (1984).Child sexual abuse: New theory and research. New York: Free Press.
Finkelhor, D. (1987). Trauma of child sexual abuse: Two models.Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 2, 348–366.
Foa, E.B., Stekette, G., & Rothbaum, B.O. (1989). Behavioral/cognitive conceptualizations of post-traumatic stress disorder.Behavior Therapy, 20, 155–176.
Frank, E., & Stewart, B.D. (1984). Depressive symptoms in rape victims: A revisit.Journal of Affective Disorders, 7
Frank, E., Turner, S.M., & Duffy, B. (1979). Depressive symptoms in rape victims.Journal of Affective Disorders, 1
Frank, E., Turner, S.M., & Stewart, D.B. (1980). Initial response to rape: The impact of factors within the rape situation.Journal of Behavioral Assessment, 2, 39–53.
Frank, E, Turner, S.M., Stewart, D.B., Jacob, M., & West, D. (1981). Past psychiatric symptoms and the response to sexual assault.Comprehensive Psychiatry, 22
Friedrich, W.N., Beilke, R. L., & Urquiza, A.J. (1987). Children from sexually abusive families: A behaviour comparison.Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 2, 391–402.
Friedrich, W.N., Urquiza, A.J., & Beilke, R.L. (1986). Behavioral problems in sexually abused young children.Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 11
Fritz, G., Stoll, K., & Wagner, N. (1981). A comparison of males and females who were sexually molested as children.Journal of Sex and Marital Tehrapy, 7, 54–59.
Fromuth, M.E. (1986). The relationship of childhood sexual abuse with later psychological and sexual adjustment in a sample of college women.Child Abuse and Neglect, 10
Gagnon, J. (1965). Female child victims of sex offenses.Social Problems, 13, 176–192.
Gagnon, R., Brender, W., Arbuckle, T., & Marabini, J. (1988, June). Child sexual abuse correlates with adult sexual victimization, emotional and physical health. Presentation at the Canadian Psychological Association Convention, Montreal.
Gelinas, D.J. (1983). The persisting negative effects of incest.Psychiatry, 46
Gentile, C., Wolfe, V.V., & Wolfe, D.A. (1988, June). Factors mediating the impact of sexual maltreatment on children: Attributional styles and severity of abuse. Presentation at the Canadian Psychological Association Convention, Montreal.
Gidycz, C.A., & Koss, M.P. (1989). The impact of adolescent sexual victimization: Standardized measures of anxiety, depression, and behavioral deviancy.Violence and Victims, 4
Gilmartin-Zena, P. (1985). Rape impact: Immediately and two months later.Deviant Behavior, 6, 347–361.
Girelli, S.A., Resick, P.A., Marhoefer-Dvorak, S., & Hutter, C.K. (1986). Subjective distress and violence during rape: Their effects on long-term fear.Violence and Victims, 1
Gold, E.R. (1986). Long-term effects of sexual victimization in childhood: An attributional approach.Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 54
Goldston, D.B., Turnquist, D.C., & Knutson, J.F. (1989). Presenting problems of sexually abused girls receiving psychiatric services.Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 98
Gomes-Schwartz, B., Horowitz, J.M., & Sauzier, M. (1985). Severity of emotional distress among sexually abused pre-school, school age, and adolescent children.Hospital and Community Psychiatry, 36
Hanson, R.K., & Slater, S. (1988). Sexual victimization in the history of sexual abusers: A review.Annals of Sex Research, 1, 485–499.
Harter, S., Alexander, P.C., & Neimeyer, R.A. (1988). Long-term effects of incestuous child abuse in college women: Social adjustment, social cognition, and family characteristics.Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 56
Haugaard, J.J., & Emery, R.E. (1989). Methodological issues in child sexual abuse research.Child Abuse and Neglect, 13
Haugaard, J.J., & Reppucci, N.D. (1988).The sexual abuse of children. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Henderson, J. (1983). Is incest harmful?Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 28, 34–40.
Herman, J. (1981).Father-daughter incest. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Herman, J., Russell, D., & Trocki, K. (1986). Long-term effects of incestuous abuse in childhood.American Journal of Psychiatry, 143
Horowitz, M.J. (1974). Stress response syndromes.Archives of General Psychiatry, 31
Jampole, L., & Weber, M.K. (1987). An assessment of the behavior of sexually abused and nonsexually abused children with anatomically correct dolls.Child Abuse and Neglect, 11
Janoff-Bulman, R. (1985). Criminal vs. non-criminal victimization: Victims' reactions.Victimology, 10, 498–511.
Janoff-Bulman, R., & Frieze, I.H. (1983) A theoretical perspective for understanding reactions to victimization.Journal of Social Issues, 39, 1–17.
Johnson, R.L., & Shrier, D.K. (1985). Sexual victimization of boys: Experience at an adolescent medicine clinic.Journal of Adolescent Health Care, 6
Johnston, M.S. (1979). The sexually mistreated child: Diagnostic evaluation.Child Abuse and Neglect, 3, 943–951.
Katz, S., & Mazur, M.A. (1979).Understanding the rape victim: A synthesis of research findings. New York: John Wiley.
Kilpatrick, A. (1986). Some correlates of women's childhood sexual experiences: A retrospective study.Journal of Sex Research, 22, 221–242.
Kilpatrick, A. (1987). Childhood sexual experiences: Problems and issues in studying long-range effects.Journal of Sex Research, 23, 173–196.
Kilpatrick, D.G., Best, C.L., Veronen, L.J., Amick, A.E., Villeponteaux, L.A., & Ruff, G.A. (1985). Mental health correlates of criminal victimization: A random community survey.Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 53
Kilpatrick, D.G., Resick, P.A., & Veronen, L.J. (1981). Effects of a rape experience: A longitudinal study.Journal of Social Issues, 37, 105–122.
Kilpatrick, D.G., Saunders, B.E., Amick-McMullan, A., Best, C.L., Veronen, L.J., & Resick, P.A. (1989). Victim and crime factors associated with the development of crime-related post-traumatic stress disorder.Behavior Therapy, 20, 199–214.
Kilpatrick, D.G., Saunders, B.E., Veronen, L.J., Best, C.L., & Von, J.M. (1987). Criminal victimization: Lifetime prevalence, reporting to police and psychological impact.Crime and Delinquency, 33, 479–489.
Kilpatrick, D.G., Veronen, L.J., & Best, C.L. (1985). Factors predicting psychological distress among rape victims. In C.R. Figley (Ed.),Trauma and its wake (pp. 113–141). New York: Brunner/Mazel.
Kilpatrick, D.G., Veronen, L.J., & Resick, P.A. (1979a). Assessment of the aftermath of rape: Changing patterns of fear.Journal of Behavioral Assessment, 1, 133–148.
Kilpatrick, D.G., Veronen, L.J., & Resick, P.A. (1979b). The aftermath of rape: Recent empirical findings.American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 49
Kiser, L.J., Ackerman, B.J., Brown, E., Edwards, N.B., McColgan, E., Pugh, R., & Pruitt, D.B. (1988). Post-traumatic stress disorder in young children: A reaction to purported sexual abuse.Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 27
Lazarus, R.S., & Folkman, S. (1984).Stress, appraisal and coping. New York: Springer.
Ledray, L.E. (1988). Responding to the needs of rape victims: Research findings. In A.W. Burgess (Ed.),Rape and sexual assault II (pp. 169–189). New York: Garland.
Leymann, H. (1985). Somatic and psychological symptoms after the experience of life threatening events: A profile analysis.Victimology, 10, 512–538.
Lindberg, F.H., & Distad, L.J. (1985). Post-traumatic stress disorders in women who experienced childhood incest.Child Abuse and Neglect, 9
Livingstone, R. (1987). Sexually and physically abused children.Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 26
Maguire, M., & Corbett, C. (1987).The effects of crime and the work of victims' support schemes. Hants, England: Gower Publishing.
Mannarino, A.P., & Cohen, J.A. (1986). A clinical-demographic study of sexually abused children.Child Abuse and Neglect, 10
McCahill, T.W., Meyer, L.C., & Fischman, A.M. (1979).The aftermath of rape. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.
McLeer, S.V., Deblinger, E., Atkins, M.S., Foa, E.B., & Ralphe, D.L. (1988). Post-traumatic stress disorder in sexually abused children.Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 27
Mian, M., Wehrspann, W., Klajner-Diamond, H., Lebaron, D., & Winder, C. (1986). Review of 125 children 6 years of age and under who were sexually abused.Child Abuse and Neglect, 10
Mrazek, P.B., & Mrazek, D.A. (1981). The effects of child sexual abuse: Methodological considerations. In P.B. Mrazak & C.H. Kempe (eds.),Sexually abused children and their families (pp. 235–245). New York: Pergamon.
Nadelson, C.C., Notman, M.T., Jackson, H., & Gornick, J. (1982). A follow-up study of rape victims.American Journal of Psychiatry, 139
Norris, J., & Feldman-Summers, S. (1981). Factors related to the psychological impact of rape on the victim.Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 90
Orlando, J.A., & Koss, M.P. (1983). The effect of sexual victimization on sexual satisfaction: A study of the negative-association hypothesis.Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 92
Pedhazur, E.J. (1982).Multiple regression in behavioural research (2nd ed.). New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
Peters, J. (1976). Children who are victims of sexual assault and the psychology of offenders.American Journal of Psychotherapy, 30
Reich, J.W., & Gutierres, S.E. (1979). Escape/aggression incidence in sexually abused juvenile delinquents.Criminal Justice and Behavior, 6, 239–243.
Resick, P.A. (1987). Psychological effects of victimization: Implications for the criminal justice system.Crime and Delinquency, 33, 468–478.
Resick, P.A., Calhoun, K.S., Atkeson, B.M., & Ellis, E.M. (1981). Social adjustment in victims of sexual assault.Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 49
Riger, S., & Gordon, M.T. (1981). The fear of rape: A study in social control.Journal of Social Issues, 4, 71–92.
Riger, S., & Gordon, M.T. (1988). The impact of crime on urban women. In A.W. Burgess (Ed.),Rape and sexual assault II (pp. 293–316;). New York: Garland.
Rimzsa, M.E., Berg, R.A., & Locke, C. (1988). Sexual abuse: Somatic and emotional reactions.Child Abuse and Neglect, 12
Ruch, L.O., & Chandler, S.M. (1983). Sexual assault trauma during the acute phase: An exploratory model and multivariate analysis.Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 24
Runtz, M., & Briere, J. (1986). Adolescent "acting out" and childhood history of sexual abuse.Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 1, 326–334.
Russell, D.E.H. (1984).Sexual exploitation. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.
Russell, D.E.H. (1986).The secret trauma. New York: Basic Books.
Sales, E., Baum, M., & Shore, B. (1984). Victim readjustment following assault.Journal of Social Issues, 40, 117–136.
Sandfort, T.G.M. (1984). Sex in pedophiliac relationships: An empirical investigation among a non-representative group of boys.Journal of Sex Research, 20, 123–142.
Santiago, J.M., McCall-Perez, F., Gorcey, M., & Beigel, A. (1985). Long-term psychological effects of rape in 35 rape victims.American Journal of Psychiatry, 142
Sansonnet-Hayden, H., Haley, G., Marriage, K., & Fine, S. (1987). Sexual abuse and psychopathology in hospitalized adolescents.Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 26
Sarason, I.G., & Sarason, B.R. (1989).Abnormal psychology: The problem of maladaptive behavior (6th ed.). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Scheppele, K.L., & Bart, P.B. (1983). Through women's eyes: Defining danger in the wake of sexual assault.Journal of Social Issues, 39, 63–81.
Scott, D., & Hewitt, L. (1983). Short term adjustment to rape and the utilization of a sexual assault counselling service.Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology, 16, 93–105.
Sedney, M.A., & Brooks, B. (1984). Factors associated with a history of childhood sexual experience in a nonclinical female population.Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry, 23
Selkin, J. (1978). Protecting personal space: Victim and resister reactions to assaultive rape.Journal of Community Psychology, 6, 263–268.
Silver, R.L., Boon, C., & Stones, M.H. (1983). Searching for meaning in misfortune: Making sense of incest.Journal of Social Issues, 39, 81–102.
Silver, R.L., & Wortman, C.B. (1980). Coping with undesirable life events. In J. Garber & M.E.P. Seligman (Eds.),Human helplessness: Theory and applications. New York: Academic Press.
Sirles, E.A., Smith, J.A., & Kusama, H. (1989). Psychiatric status of intrafamilial child sexual abuse victims.Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 28
Stekette, G., & Foa, E.B. (1987). Rape victims: Post-traumatic stress responses and their treatment: A review of the literature.Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 1, 69–86.
Summit, R.C. (1983). The child sexual abuse accommodiation syndrome.Child Abuse and Neglect, 7
Terr, L.C. (1983). Chowchilla revisited: The effects of psychic trauma four years after a school-bus kidnapping.American Journal of Psychiatry, 140
Tong, L., Oates, K., & McDowell, M. (1987). Personality development following sexual abuse.Child Abuse and Neglect, 11
Tsai, M., Feldman-Summers, S., & Edgar, M. (1979). Childhood molestation: Variables related to differential impacts on psychosexual functioning in adult women.Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 88
Veronen, L.J., & Kilpatrick, D.G. (1983). Rape: A precursor of change. In E.J. Callahan & McClusky (Eds.),Life span developmental psychology: Nonnormative life events (pp. 167–191). New York: Academic Press.
Veronen, L.J., Kilpatrick, D.G., & Resick, P.A. (1979). Treatment of fear and anxiety in rape victims: Implications for the criminal justice system. In W.H. Parsonage (Ed.),Perspecstives on victimology (pp. 148–159). Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.
Weisaeth, L. (1985). Psychiatric studies in victimology in Norway: Main findings and recent developments.Victimology, 10, 478–487.
White, S., Halpin, B.M., Strom, G.A., & Santilli, G. (1988). Behavioral comparisons of young sexually abused, neglected and nonreferred children.Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 17, 53–61.
Williams, J.E., & Holmes, K.A. (1981).The second assault: Rape and public attitudes. Westport, CT: Greenwood.
Wirtz, P.W., & Harrell, A.V. (1987a). Assaultive versus nonassaultive victimization: A profile analysis of psychological response.Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 2, 264–277.
Wirtz, P.W., & Harrell, A.V. (1987b). Victim and crime characteristics, coping responses and short and long-term recovery from victimization.Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 55
Wolfe, V.V., Gentile, C., & Wolfe, D.A. (1989). The impact of sexual abuse on children: A PTSD formulation.Behaviour Therapy, 20, 215–228.