Journal of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 12, Issue 2, pp 145–158

Coping style, cognitive hardiness, and health status

  • Kenneth M. Nowack

DOI: 10.1007/BF00846548

Cite this article as:
Nowack, K.M. J Behav Med (1989) 12: 145. doi:10.1007/BF00846548


This study investigates the effects of coping style and cognitive hardiness on physical and psychological health status. Measures of coping styles (intrusive positive thoughts, intrusive negative thoughts, avoidance, problem-focused coping), cognitive hardiness, stress, health habits, psychological distress, and physical illness were collected for 194 professional employees. Multiple regression analyses revealed that intrusive negative thoughts and avoidance coping approaches significantly contributed to predictions of psychological distress and physical illness outcomes, respectively. Cognitive hardiness significantly contributed to predictions of psychological distress but not physical illness outcomes. Health habits were significantly related to both measures of health status. Two coping approaches, intrusive positive thoughts and problem-focused coping, did not significantly contribute to predictions of either physical or psychological health status.

Key words

copinghardinessstresshealth status

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kenneth M. Nowack
    • 1
  1. 1.Organizational Performance DimensionsWoodland Hills