Attitudes toward smoking cessation among men and women
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
Recent reports indicate that women are less successful than men in their attempts to quit smoking. Sex differences in attitudes toward smoking cessation were examined cross-sectionally in a sample of 447 smokers randomly selected from employees of 10 diverse Minnesota worksites and interviewed in early 1984. No sex differences were found in the percentage of smokers who had tried to quit at least once in the past; indeed, over four of five respondents reported prior attempts to quit. Yet compared to women, men were more interested in quitting. Women were less likely than men to perceive the health benefits of quitting and expressed more concern about weight gain and job pressures related to quitting. No significant sex differences were found in prior use of formal cessation services, which had been used by about one-fourth of these respondents. Yet compared to men, women appeared to rely on informal sources of support, such as encouragement from co-workers. These findings underline the importance of intervention programs targeting women and suggest strategies that might enhance the effectiveness of such programs oriented toward women.
- Boss, R., and Rose, C. (1976). Smoking cessation and sex role convergence.J. Health Soc. Behav. 17: 53–61.
- Centers for Disease Control (1976).Adult Use of Tobacco 1975, Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta.
- Dicken, C. (1978). Sex roles, smoking, and smoking cessation.J. Health Soc. Behav. 19(3): 324–334.
- Dicken, C., and Bryson, R. (1978). Psychology in action: The smoking of psychology.Am. Psychol. 33(5): 504–507.
- Dixon, W. J., Brown, M. B., Engelman, L., Frane, J. W., Hill, M. A., Jennrich, R. I., and Toporek, J. D. (1983).BMDP Statistical Software, University of California Press, Berkeley.
- Eisinger, R. A. (1971). Psychosocial predictors of smoking recidivism.J. Health Soc. Behav. 12: 355–361.
- Fisher, E. B., Gritz, E. R., and Johnson, C. A. (1982). Cessation of smoking. In USPHS:The Health Consequences of Smoking: Cancer, DHHS (PHS) 82-50179, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.
- Fischer, E. H. and Turner, J. L. (1970). Orientations to seeking professional help: Development and research utility of an attitude scale.J. Consult. Clin. Psychol. 35: 79–90.
- Fisher, J. (1976). Sex differences in smoking dynamics.J. Health Soc. Behav. 17: 156–163.
- Frankenhauser, M. (1978). Sex differences in reactions to psychosocial stressors and psychoactive drugs. In Levi, L. (ed.),Society, Stress, and Disease: The Productive and Reproductive Age—Male and Female Roles and Relationships, Oxford University Press, Toronto, Vol. 3, pp. 135–140.
- Friedman, G. D., Seltzer, C. C., Siegelaub, A. B., Feldman, R., and Collen, M. F. (1972). Smoking among white, black, and yellow men and women: Kaiser-Permanente multiphasic health examination data, 1964–1968.Am J. Epidemiol. 96(1): 23–25.
- Gritz, E. (1980). Problems related to the use of tobacco by women. In Kalant, O. (ed.),Research Advances in Alcohol and Drug Abuse, Wiley, New York, Vol. 5, pp. 487–543.
- Guilford, J. S. (1967). Sex Differences between successful and unsuccessful abstainers from smoking. In Sagon, S. V. (ed.),Studies and Issues in Smoking Behavior, University of Arizona Press, Tucson, pp. 95–102.
- Gurin, G., Veroff, J., and Feld, S. (1960).Americans View their Mental Health, Basic Books, New York.
- Horwitz, A. (1977). The pathways into psychiatric treatment: Some differences between men and women.J. Health Soc. Behav. 18: 169–178.
- Kanzler, M., Jaffe, J., and Zeidenberg, P. (1976). Long and short-term effectiveness of a large-scale proprietary smoking cessation program — a 4-year follow-up of Smokenders participants.J. Clin. Psychol. 32(3): 551–559.
- Lewis, C. E., and Lewis, M. A. (1977). The potential impact of sexual equality on health.N. Engl. J. Med. 297: 863–869.
- McMullen, P. A., and Gross, A. E. (1983). Sex differences, sex roles, and health-related help-seeking. In DePaulo, B., Nadler, A., and Fisher, J. (eds.),New Directions in Helping, Academic Press, New York, pp. 233–263.
- Mechanic, D. (1975). Sociocultural and social psychological factors affecting personal responses to psychological disorder.J. Health Soc. Behav. 16: 393–405.
- Mechanic, D. (1978). Sex, illness, illness behavior, and the use of health services.Soc. Sci. Med. 12: 207–214.
- Mitchell, C., and Stuart, R. B. (1979). Weight control and smoking reduction: Friends or enemies?Can. J. Publ. Health 70: 399–404.
- Mittelmark, M. B., Murray, D. M., Luepker, R. V., and Pechacek, T. F. (1982). Cigarette smoking among adolescents: Is the rate declining?Prev. Med. 11: 708–712.
- Nathanson, C. A. (1975). Illness and the feminine role: a theoretical review.Soc Sci. Med. 9: 57–62.
- Nathanson, C. A. (1977). Sex, illness, and medical care: A review of data, theory, and method.Soc. Sci. Med. 11: 13–25.
- National Institute of Education (1979).Teenage Smoking Immediate and Long-term Patterns, Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, National Institute of Education, Washington D.C., p. 259.
- Pechacek, T. F., Folsom, A. R., Pirie, P. L., Jacobs, D. R., Blake, S. M., and Sorensen, G. S. (1985). Patterns of smoking cessation: Male-female differences (submitted for publication).
- Resnikoff, A., Schauble, P. G., and Woody, R. H. (1968). Personality correlates of withdrawal from smoking.J. Psychol. 68: 117–120.
- Schuman, L. M. (1977). Patterns of smoking behavior. In Jarvik, M. E., Cullen, J. W., Gritz, E. R., Vogt, T. M., and West, L. J. (eds.),Research on Smoking Behavior, NIDA Research Monograph No. 17, U.S. DHEW Publication No. (ADM) 36-66, Washington, D.C.
- Schwartz, J. L., and Dubitsky, M. (1968). One-year-follow-up results of a smoking cessation program.Can. J. Publ. Health 69: 161–165.
- Sorensen, G., and Pechacek, T. (1986). Occupational and sex differences in smoking and smoking cessation.J. Occup. Med. 28(5): 360–364.
- Stoeckle, J., Zola, I. K., and Davidson, G. E. (1963). On going to see the doctor: The contributions of the patient to the decision to seek medical aid.J. Chron. Dis. 16: 975–989, 1963.
- U.S. Public Health Service (1980).The Health Consequences of Smoking for Women, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.
- U.S. Public Health Service (1982).The Health Consequences of Smoking: Cancer, DHHS (PHS) 82-50179, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.
- U.S. Public Health Service (1983).The Health Consequences of Smoking: Cardiovascular Disease, DHHS (PHS) 84-50204, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.
- West, D. W., Graham, S., Swanson, M., and Wilkinson, G. (1977). Five-year follow-up of a smoking withdrawal clinic population.Am. J. Publ. Health 67: 536–544.
- Attitudes toward smoking cessation among men and women
Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Volume 10, Issue 2 , pp 129-137
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
- Additional Links
- health attitudes
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, 55 Lake Avenue North, 01605, Worcester, Massachusetts
- 2. Division of Cancer Prevention and Control, National Cancer Institute, 20205, Bethesda, Maryland