Journal of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 6, Issue 1, pp 41–51

Type A and hardiness

Authors

  • Suzanne C. Kobasa
    • Department of Behavioral SciencesUniversity of Chicago
  • Salvatore R. Maddi
    • Department of Behavioral SciencesUniversity of Chicago
  • Marc A. Zola
    • Department of Behavioral SciencesUniversity of Chicago
Article

DOI: 10.1007/BF00845275

Cite this article as:
Kobasa, S.C., Maddi, S.R. & Zola, M.A. J Behav Med (1983) 6: 41. doi:10.1007/BF00845275

Abstract

The study examined the relationship between the Type A behavior pattern and personality hardiness and predicted an interaction between the two that would be influential for illness onset. Type A and hardiness were found to be conceptually different and empirically independent factors. Under high stressful life events, male executives who were high in Type A and low in hardiness tended toward higher general illness scores than any other executives. Type A and hardiness emerge from this study as bases for extrinsic and intrinsic motivation, respectively.

Key words

hardinessType Apersonalitystressful life events

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1983