Journal of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 11, Issue 4, pp 333–352

Compliance with an outpatient stress reduction program: Rates and predictors of program completion

Authors

  • Jon Kabat-Zinn
    • Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine, Department of MedicineUniversity of Massachusetts Medical School
  • Ann Chapman-Waldrop
    • Science DivisionSiena College
Article

DOI: 10.1007/BF00844934

Cite this article as:
Kabat-Zinn, J. & Chapman-Waldrop, A. J Behav Med (1988) 11: 333. doi:10.1007/BF00844934

Abstract

The rate at which medical patients physician-referred to an 8-week stress reduction program completed the prescribed intervention was measured and predictors of compliance sought. Seven hundred eighty-four consecutive patients who enrolled in the program over a 2-year period were studied. Of these, 598 (76%) completed the program and 186 (24%) did not. Multiple regression analysis showed that (1) among chronic pain patients, only sex discriminated between completers and noncompleters, with females more than twice as likely to complete the program as males (odds ratio=2.4; 95% CI=1.2, 4.4); (2) among patients with stress-related disorders, only the OC scores of the SCL-90-R discriminated between completers and noncompleters (odds ratio=2.0; 95% CI=1.2, 3.4). Completion rates for specific diagnoses are reported and discussed. The high rate of completion observed for this intensive program in health behavior change is discussed in terms of the design features and therapeutic modalities of the intervention.

Key words

compliancestresspainmeditation

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1988