Journal of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 12, Issue 3, pp 249–265

Perceived family support as a moderator psychological well-being in end-stage renal disease

  • Alan J. Christensen
  • Charles W. Turner
  • James R. Slaughter
  • John M. HolmanJr.
Article

DOI: 10.1007/BF00844870

Cite this article as:
Christensen, A.J., Turner, C.W., Slaughter, J.R. et al. J Behav Med (1989) 12: 249. doi:10.1007/BF00844870

Abstract

End-stage renal disease (ESRD) is associated with an increased incidence of psychological distress. The present research examined the salutary effects of a supportive family environment on the psychological well-being of ESRD patients receiving renal transplants. Patients (N=57) completed a measure of perceived family support and an assessment of the physical impact of their illness. Psychological well-being was assessed utilizing two measures of depression and two measures of anxiety. One group of patients was classified as experiencing high illness-related physical dysfunction. In this group, patients perceiving a less supportive family environment displayed significantly higher levels of psychological symptoms of depression and anxiety than patients with a more supportive family environment. A second group of patients was classified as experiencing low illness-related physical dysfunction. In this group, the perceived level of family support was not significantly related to their relatively lower reported levels of depression and anxiety.

Key words

chronic illnesssocial supportpsychological adjustment

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alan J. Christensen
    • 1
  • Charles W. Turner
    • 1
  • James R. Slaughter
    • 2
  • John M. HolmanJr.
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of UtahSalt Lake City
  2. 2.Department of Psychiatry, College of MedicineUniversity of UtahSalt Lake City
  3. 3.Department of Surgery, College of MedicineUniversity of UtahSalt Lake City