Fluorine distribution in waters of Nalgonda District, Andhra Pradesh, India
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
Geochemical and hydrochemical studies were conducted in Nalgonda District (A.P.), to explore the causes of high fluorine in waters, causing a widespread incidence of fluorosis in the local population. Samples of granitic rocks, soils, stream sediments, and waters were analyzed for F and other salient chemical parameters. Samples from the area of Hyderabad city were analyzed for comparison. The F content of waters in areas with endemic fluorosis ranges from 0.4 to 20 mg/l. The low calcium content of rocks and soils, and the presence of high levels of sodium bicarbonate in soils and waters are important factors favoring high levels of F in waters.
- APHA (American Public Health Association, American Water Works Association, and Water Pollution Control Federation) (1976) Standard methods for the examination of water and waste water, 4th ed. Washington, D.C.
- AOAC (Association of Official Analytical Chemists) (1975) Official methods of analysis, 12th ed. Washington, D.C.
- Correns W (1956) The geochemistry of the halogenes. In: Physics and chemistry of the earth, Vol. 1. London: pp 181–233
- Furman NH (1962) Standard methods of chemical analysis, 6th ed., Vol. 1. New York: van Nostrand, pp 229–1278
- Ingrams BL (1970) Fluoride in rocks by electrode methods. Analyst 42:1825
- Jeffery PG (1981) Chemical methods of rock analysis, 3rd ed. Elmsford, New York: Pergamon Press, pp 173–174
- Karunakaran C (1974) Fluorine-bearing minerals in India-their geology, mineralogy and geochemistry. Indian Academy of Geological Science, Proceedings, Symposium on Fluorosis, Hyderabad, 1974, pp 3–18
- Mason B (1972) Principles of geochemistry, 2nd ed. New York: John Wiley & Sons
- Murthy DSS and Murthy DVR (1974) A study of high fluoride bearing waters around Nalgonda town, Nalgonda distr., A.P. Indian Academy of Geological Science, Proceedings, Symposium on Fluorosis, Hyderabad, 1974, pp 311–315
- Natarajan V and Murthy SRN (1974) Fluorite bearing granites of Sivannagudem area, Nalgonda distr., A.P. (Indian Academy of Geological Science, Proceedings, Symposium on Fluorosis, Hyderabad, 1974, pp 49–53
- Ramamohana Rao NV and Rajyalakshmi K (1974a) Studies on water quality and incidence of fluorosis in A.P. Indian Academy Geological Science, Proceedings, Symposium on Fluorosis, Hyderabad, 1974, pp 273–284
- Ramamohana Rao NV and Rajyalakshmi K (1974b) Endemic fluoroisis in Andhra Pradesh, suggested measures for prevention and control of disease. Indian Academy of Geological Science, Proceedings, Symposium on Fluorosis, Hyderabad, 1974, pp 477–486
- Ramamohana Rao NV and Subba Rao KV (1966) Endemic fluorosis in Andhra Pradesh-distribution of fluoride in water sources. Proceedings, Symposium on Community Water Supply, NEERI, Nagpur, pp 123–132
- Ramamohana Rao NV, Swarnathala V and Ramana Rao PV (1969) Studies on defluoridation of water. Proceedings, Seminar on Defluoridation of Water Supply, Institute of Engineering of India, Hyderabad, pp 21–24
- Robinson WG and Edington,--(1946) Fluorine in soils. Soil Sci., pp 61:341–353
- Schuiling RD, Andriessen PAM, Kreulen R, Poorter RPE, de Smeth JB, Vergouwen L, Vriend SP, Zuurdeeg BW and van Breemen AJH (1988) Introduction to geochemistry, 5th ed. Utrecht: Utrecht University.
- Vergouwen L (1981) Salt minerals and waters from soils in Konya and Kenya. PhD thesis. Agricultural University of Wageningen, The Netherlands
- Vogel AI (1962) A textbook of quantitative inorganic analysis, 3rd ed. London: Longmans
- Wedepohl KH (Ed) (1969) Handbook of geochemistry. Vol. II–1. Berlin: Springer-Verlag
- World Health Organization (1970) Fluoride and human health. WHO monograph series no. 59.
- Fluorine distribution in waters of Nalgonda District, Andhra Pradesh, India
Volume 21, Issue 1-2 , pp 84-89
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Additional Links
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Institute of Preventive Medicine, Hyderabad, India
- 2. Department of Chemistry, Osmania University, Hyderabad, India
- 3. Department of Applied Geochemistry, Osmania University, Hyderabad, India
- 4. Department of Geochemistry, Utrecht University, The Netherlands