Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes

, Volume 25, Issue 4, pp 385–391

Na+-translocating NADH-quinone reductase of marine and halophilic bacteria

  • Tsutomu Unemoto
  • Maki Hayashi

DOI: 10.1007/BF00762464

Cite this article as:
Unemoto, T. & Hayashi, M. J Bioenerg Biomembr (1993) 25: 385. doi:10.1007/BF00762464


The respiratory chain of marine and moderately halophilic bacteria requires Na+ for maximum activity, and the site of Na+-dependent activation is located in the NADH-quinone reductase segment. The Na+-dependent NADH-quinone reductase purified from marine bacteriumVibrio alginolyticus is composed of three subunits, α, β, and γ, with apparentMr of 52, 46, and 32kDa, respectively. The FAD-containing β-subunit reacts with NADH and reduces ubiquinone-1 (Q-1) by a one-electron transfer pathway to produce ubisemiquinones. In the presence of the FMN-containing α-subunit and the γ-subunit, Q-1 is converted to ubiquinol-1 without the accumulation of free radicals. The reaction catalyzed by the α-subunit is strictly dependent on Na+ and is strongly inhibited by 2-n-heptyl-4-hydroxyquinoline N-oxide (HQNO), which is tightly coupled to the electrogenic extrusion of Na+. A similar type of Na+-translocating NADH-quinone reductase is widely distributed among marine and moderately halophilic bacteria. The respiratory chain ofV. alginolyticus contains another NADH-quinone reductase which is Na+ independent and has no energy-transducing capacity. These two types of NADH-quinone reductase are quite different with respect to their mode of quinone reduction and their sensitivity toward NADH preincubation.

Key words

Na+ transportNADH-quinone reductaseNa+ pumprespiratory chainflavoproteinmarine bacteriahalophilic bacteria

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tsutomu Unemoto
    • 1
  • Maki Hayashi
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Membrane Biochemistry, Faculty of Pharmaceutical SciencesChiba UniversityChibaJapan